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90 terms

first 90 words

STUDY
PLAY
plot
the series of related events that make up a story or drama
exposition
The beginning part of the plot that gives information about the characters and their problems of conflicts.
rising action
The actions which lead up to the climax; the problems and conflicts.
climax
Moment of great emotional intensity or suspense in a plot.
falling action
Follows the climax and leads to the resolution.
resolution
The end of the story:also called denouement.
setting
The time and place of a story or play.
mood
The story's atmosphere or feeling that it evokes.
Character
Person in a story,poem or play.
Theme
The central idea of message of a work of literature.
protagonist
the main character in fiction or drama, sometimes called the hero
antagonist
the character or force who opposes the main character, sometimes called the villain
round character
has many different character traits which sometimes
contradict each other
flat character
has only one or two character traits and can be
described in a few words
motivation
fears, conflicts, or needs that drive a character's actions
dynamic character
character who changes as a result of the story's
events
static character
character who does not change much in the course of
the story
conflict
struggle or clash between opposing characters or opposing forces
external conflict
when a character struggles against an outside force
internal conflict
struggle within a character between opposing needs or emotions
characterization
the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story
indirect characterization
when the readers have to use their own judgment to decide what a character is like, based on the evidence the writer gives us
direct characterization
when the author plainly tells what a character is like
point of view
vantage point from which a writer tells a story
first person point of view
one of the characters is telling the story, using the pronoun "I"
second person point of view
the reader is the main character of the story, using the pronoun "you"
third person limited point of view
the narrator, who plays no part in the story, zooms in on the thoughts and feelings of just one character
third person omniscient point of view
the narrator knows everything there is to know about the characters and their problems
foreshadowing
the use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in a plot
narrator
the person or voice telling the story
drama
a story that is written to be acted for an audience; also called a play
act
a major division of a drama
scene
a minor division of an act
stage directions
instructions in a play intended to give the actors information about how to perform their part, move on the stage, or use props or scenery
aside
words that are spoken by a character in a play to the audience or to another character but that are not supposed to be heard by the others onstage
soliloquy
long speech in which a character who is onstage alone expressed his or her thoughts aloud
monologue
a long speech by one character while other characters are onstage
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter, used extensively by Shakespeare
iambic pentameter
line of poetry which contains five patterns of unstressed/stressed syllables
dialogue
the conversation between characters in a story or play
tragedy
play that depicts serious and important events in which the main character comes to an unhappy end
comedy
a story which contains both humorous and serious events, but which ends happily
comic relief
funny scene or event that breaks up a serious play or narrative
foil
character who is used as a contrast to another character
irony
contrast between expectation and reality
situational irony
when a story ends different than is expected
verbal irony
when a character says the opposite of what is meant
dramatic irony
when the reader has knowledge that some characters in the story do not have
pun
—play on the multiple meanings of words that sound alike but have different meanings
symbol
person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
epic
a long, narrative poem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historic hero who embodies the values of the society
epic simile
an extended comparison using "like" or "as" relating heroic events to simple and easily understandable everyday events the audience would recognize immediately
flashback
scene in a story that interrupts the present action of the plot to tell what happened at an earlier time
hero
the main character or protagonist of the story, usually the "good" character, but who may also have character flaws
didactic literature
stories meant to teach a lesson or impart moral beliefs
myth
traditional stories, rooted in a particular culture, that usually explain a belief, a ritual, or a mysterious natural phenomenon
oral tradition
the retelling of a story from person to person, from one generation to the next
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning
hyperbole
figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion; also called overstatement
oxymoron
a figure of speech which combines two seemingly contradictory words, such as "pretty ugly," "jumbo shrimp," "alone together," and "same difference"
alliteration
repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginnings of words
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant
personification
kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing is described with human characteristics
line
a division of a poem, sometimes labeled with numbers and organized into stanzas
stanza
group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit
speaker
the "voice" of the poem; not always the author's voice
allusion
reference to a statement, person, place, or event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture
ballad
a long, narrative poem set to music
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
lyric poetry
poetry which expresses a person's feelings or thoughts
haiku
Japanese verse form consisting of three lines and seventeen syllables (5-7-5)
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds and endings of words, makes the words sound the same
rhyme scheme
pattern of end sounds in the words in the ends of lines of poems, for example "abab"
rhythm
musical quality in poetry produced by repetition; also called "beat"
figurative language
words used for descriptive effect, includes metaphors, similes, oxymorons, and hyperboles
free verse
poetry that does not have meter or rhyme
imagery
anguage that appeals to the senses
meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry, also called "beat"
foot
a unit of measurement in meter, containing certain numbers of stressed or unstressed syllables
parallelism
repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure
repetition
use, more than once, of a literary convention
analogy
comparison made between two things to show how they are alike, usually in the form of "_______:__________ :: __________:__________"
Example pencil : paper :: paintbrush : canvas
anecdote
very brief story told to make a point
autobiography
an account of an author's own life
biography
an account of a person's life written or told by someone else
connotation
meanings, associations, or emotions that have come to be attached to some words in addition to their literal dictionary definitions
denotation
the definition of a word as found in a dictionary