policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver
Triangle Trade
a trade route that exchanged goods between the West Indies, the American colonies, and West Africa
Middle Passage
the middle portion of the triangular trade that brought African slaves to the Americas
Oladuah Equiano
wrote a auto-biography about the horrors of slavery; helped influence British lawmakers to abolish Slave trade through the Slave Trade Act of 1807
Slave Codes
laws in the southern states that controlled enslaved people
Stono Rebellion
a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws
european social and philosophical movement stressing rational thought and progress through science
Great Awakening
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century(1700's) during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
Large emotional gatherings where people came together to hear sermons and declare their faith.
Jonathan Edwards
This theologian was an American revivalist of the Great Awakening. He was both deeply pious and passionately devoted to intellectual pursuits. His most popular sermon titled, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," appealed to thousands of re-awakened Christians.
John Locke
This English philosophe argued that all men were born with natural rights and that a government's purpose was to protect these rights
Baron de Montesquieu
wrote The Spirit of the Laws : developed the idea of the separation of powers into three branches of government
Jean Jacques Rosseau
believed that human beings are naturally good & free & can rely on their instincts. government should exist to protect common good, and be a democracy
Ben Franklin
Social Mobility & diplomat who convinced France to aid the colonists during the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence and delegate to the Constitutional Convention.
Social Mobility
The ability of individuals to move from one social standing to another. Social standing is based on degrees of wealth, prestige, education and power.
a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence