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17 terms

Ap Psych-ch 1

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structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind
functualism
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish
expiremental psychology
the study of behavior and thinking using the expirementing method
behaviorism
the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes
humanistic psychology
historically significent persepctive that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and individuals potential for personal growth
cognitive neuroscience
the interdiscipliary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (perception, thinkning, memory, language)
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
nature-nurture issue
the controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.
natural selection
the principle that among the rang of inherited trait variations those contributiong to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generation
levels of analysis
differeing complementary views from biological to psychological to social-cultural for analyzing any given phenomenon
biopsychosocial approach
integrated approach that incorporatese biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
biological psychology
a branch of psych that studies the link btwn biological and psych process (neuroscience and behavior)
evolutionary psych
the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection
psychodynamic psych
branch of physch that studies how unconcious drives and conflict influence behavior and uses the information to treat the peopl
behavioral psych
study of observable behavior and its explanations
cognitive phsych
scientific study of mental activities associated with thikning, knowing, remebering, and communicating
social cultural phsyc
study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking