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31 terms

Elements of Fiction

for TOBI test
STUDY
PLAY
conflict
The basic predicament or challenge that propels a story's plot
complications
plot events that plunge the protagonist further into conflict
rising action
the part of a plot in which the drama intensifies,
rising to climax
climax
plots most dramatic and revealing moment/turning point
falling action
part after climax when drama subsides and conflict is resolved
plot
series of events that give a story its meaning and effect
protagonist
story's main character and central agent in generating a story's plot
antagonist
character or force in conflict with protagonist
round character
complex, fully developed character often prone to change
flat character
a 1-dimensional character
characterization
process by which an author presents and develops a character
character
representation of a human being or another creature
setting
time and place
social context
significant cultural issues affecting story's setting
mood
underlying mood or atmosphere produced by a story
point of view
source and scope of narrative voice
narrative voice
voice of narrator
Point of view character
character focused most closely by narrator,
or in 1st person view, the narrator himself
Style
language conventions used to construct the story
like: diction, sentence structure, phrasing, dialogue, etc.
diction
author's choice or words
voice
communicative effect created by author's style
tone
attitude that story creates toward subject matter
theme
meaning or concept after reading a piece of fiction
answers the question "What did you learn from this?"
image
sensory impression used to create meaning in story
visual imagery
imagery of sight
aural imagery
imagery of sound
olfactory imagery
imagery of smell
tactile imagery
imagery of touch
gustatory imagery
imagery of taste
symbol
an object that carries meanings essential to the story
can be universal
allegory
work of fiction in which symbols, characters, and events come to represent a different situation.