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Sectional Anatomy Test 4: Pelvis
Terms in this set (122)
what is the articulation between the two pubic bones called?
where do the three bones of the os coxae meet?
what is the most superior portion of the os coxae?
what muscle lines the lateral wall of the true pelvis?
what muscle is the deepest of the three gluteal muscles?
what muscle fills the space between the ilium and sacrum?
what is the most lateral superficial extrapelvic muscle?
clitoris, urethra, vagina
what three structures or openings are enclosed by the bulbospongiosus muscle in the female perineum?
levator ani muscle
which is the larger of the two muscles in the anal region of the female perineum?
what structure is at the apex of the urogenital triangle of the female perineum?
transversus perinei muscle
what muscle forms the horizontal division between the two triangles of the male perineum?
levator ani muscle
what is the largest muscle of the male perineum?
what muscle forms the lateral margins of the urogenital triangle of the perineum?
what is the most posterior portion of the uterus?
which is more posterior, the rectouterine space of the vesicouterine space?
what name is given to the vaginal space surrounding the cervix of the uterus?
seminal vesicle, prostate gland, bulbourethral gland
name the three accessory glands of the male reproductive system
what is the name given to the expanded distal end of the corpus spongiosum in the male penis?
what duct carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct?
which of the gluteal muscles is most superior?
what portion of the small intestine joins with the ascending colon?
as the ureters descend from the kidneys to the urinary bladder, with what muscles are they usually associated?
left common iliac artery
which is more anterior, the left common iliac artery or left common iliac vein?
within the pelvic region, which is more posterior, the ascending colon or the descending colon?
what muscle originates on the iliac crest and lines the iliac fossa?
why is the descending colon in a relatively constant location?
what nerve is closely associated with the psoas major muscle?
what portion of the large intestine is inferior to the ileocecal valve?
external iliac vein
which is more anterior, the external iliac vein or the internal iliac vein?
which is more medial, the ureter or the external iliac artery?
external iliac vein
which is more posterior, the external iliac vein or the external iliac artery?
what bone articulates with the lateral margin of the sacrum?
what portion of the large intestine is immediately anterior to the sacrum?
which of the iliac vessels is closely related to the psoas portion of the iliopsoas muscle?
which of the three gluteal muscles is the deepest muscle?
which of the three gluteal muscles originates in the most inferior location?
what muscle occupies the space of the greater sciatic notch?
which branch of the sacral plexus is deep to the piriformis muscle?
true or false: loops of the small intestine extend into the true pelvis
which is more superior, the uterus or the urinary bladder?
what is the name of the peritoneal space posterior to the uterus?
what muscle is between the ilium and the sacrum?
what membrane encloses the proximal end of the uterine tube?
what large nerve is deep to the gluteus maximus muscle at this level?
tensor fasciae latae
what is the superficial muscle anterior and lateral to the gluteus medius muscle?
to avoid hitting the sciatic nerve
what is the advantage of giving intramuscular injections into the superior portion of the gluteus medius muscle rather than into the gluteus maximus muscle?
what portion of the vagina is posterior to the cervix?
what is the most lateral portion of the femur?
what is the muscle that lines the wall of the true pelvis?
what is the name of the space anterior to the cervix?
what is the muscle anterior to the pubis?
what muscle is between the sciatic nerve and the ischial spine?
which is more medial, the femoral artery of the femoral vein?
obturator internus and externus
name two muscles of the pelvic wall that extend between the pubis and the ischium
which of the quadriceps femoris muscles is the most lateral?
the great saphenous vein branches from what vessel?
what muscle of the quadriceps femoris group is closely related to the sartorius muscle?
tensor fasciae latae
what muscle is lateral or superficial to the vastus lateralis muscle?
what opening is immediately anterior to the vagina?
what muscle tendons are near the sciatic nerve and deep to the gluteus maximus muscle?
what stucture is anterior to the urethra?
the femoral artery and vein are in the femoral triangle. What muscle forms the medial boundary of the femoral triangle?
internal and external iliac veins
what two vessels join to form the common iliac vein?
ovary and uterine tube
when sagittal sections are taken from right to left through the pelvis, what part of the female reproductive system is likely to be encountered first?
as the vagina ascends from its external orifice to the cervix, in what direction is it tilted?
what is the name of the space superior to the urinary bladder but inferior to the uterus?
what typically is the most posterior portion of the uterus?
what is the vaginal space between the cervix and the rectum?
what ligament extends laterally from the sides of the uterus?
how many crura are there for the clitoris?
what structure in the female pelvis is between the uterus and the transverse perineal ligament?
what muscle is immediately lateral to the urinary bladder?
ductus (vas) deferens
in addition to the ureters, what pair of structures is in the space between the urinary bladder and the rectum?
what is the space anterior to the rectum? (in the male)
what large vein appears lateral to the spermatic cord?
pectineus and iliopsoas
what two muscles are evident in the floor of the femoral triangle?
what bones are anterior to the urinary bladder?
what erectile tissue appears as two columns in the penis?
what glandular tissue is posterior to the urinary bladder in the male?
what is the vein superficial to the femoral vein?
what glandular structure is inferior to the urinary bladder?
what muscle forms the medial boundary of the femoral triangle? (not on test)
what type of erectile tissue surrounds the penile urethra?
what is the straplike muscle medial to the adductor muscles?
what is the ventral column of erectile tissue in the penis?
which of the male accessory glands secretes its product into the spongy urethra?
what type of erectile tissue is in the dorsal columns of the penis?
what structure is immediately superior to the prostate gland?
in coronal sections of the male pelvis, what muscle lines the wall lateral to the urinary bladder?
the root of the penis consists of a ______ and two crura
what type of erectile tissue is in the bulb of the penis?
what muscle is associated with the bulb of the penis?
a, b, c
the term "pelvis" refers to:
a) the region of the body inferior to the abdomen where the lower limb articulates with the trunk
b) the coccyx, the sacrum, the ilium, the ischium, and the pubis
C) the cavity enclosed by the sacrum and the os coxae
d) b and c only
e) a, b, c
what marks the boundary between the pelvis major (false pelvis) and the pelvis minor (true pelvis)?
what feature marks the posterior portion of the true pelvic inlet or pelvic brim?
the large hole in the os coxae between the pubis and the ischium is called the
psoas and iliacus
which muscles visible in the false pelvis extend into the thigh and act as thigh flexors?
what covers the lateral surface of the large hole in the os coxa just inferior to the acetabulum?
the muscle that originates on the anterior surface of the sacrum and passes through the greater sciatic notch is the
what nerve is subject to damage when giving intramuscular injections in the buttocks?
transverse and sigmoid colon
which portions of the large intestine are highly mobile because they have mesentery (mesocolon) associated with them?
anterior to the internal iliac artery
what is the location of the ureter as it enters the pelvis?
what name is given to the space formed as the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the rectum extends to the surface of the uterus and rises over this organ?
anterior to the vagina
where does the female urethra open to the exterior?
what portion of the male urethra is closest to the bladder?
the large fold of peritoneum that drapes over the uterus and uterine tubes is called the
in the female which of the following tends to be most lateral?
ovary, uterus, bladder, vagina
which of the choices below gives the correct order from most superior to most inferior in which the following structures are first seen in transverse sections?
the lower one-third of the uterus is referred to as the
symphysis pubis, urethra, vagina, rectum
which of the chioces below lists the following structures in the correct order from anterior to posterior?
the recesses formed by the upper portion of the vagina around the cervix are the
the ejaculatory duct empties into the membranous portion of the urethra
which of the following statements about the male reproductive system is NOT true?
which male accessory gland is located between the posterior surface of the bladder and the rectum?
coccygeus m. pubic arch
which of the following is NOT a correct match of a muscle and the structure with which it is associated?
what structures form the lateral margins of the vulva?
the narrow cleft between the two labia minora is referred to as the
the urethra travels through the corpora cavernosa
which statement about the structure of the penis is NOT correct?
in transverse sections where all of the following muscles are visible, which is most anterior?
femoral artery, vein, nerve
what three structures travel together in the anterior upper thigh?
on transverse sections through the male symphysis pubis, what structure is located between the erectile tissue of the penis and the pectineus muscle?
a failure of one or both of the testes to descend into the scrotum is referred to as
the clinical term for a fibroid tumor is
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