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chapter 14-forging the National economy.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Transcendentalist that wrote "Self Reliance" which was very popular

Rendezvous system

A system that was the base of the fur-trapping empire in which every summer for 2 decades, traders traveled from St. Louis to Rocky Mountain valley and waited to trade with the Indians.

Ecological imperialism

perceived as ruthless exploitation of Western America's natural resources.

George Catlin

Painted pictures of Native American life in the West and began the creation of national parks such as Yellowstone Park.

Molly Maguires

An Irish miners union that caused problems for the Pennsylvania coal districts because of poor working conditions.

Know-Nothing Party

formed through several groups joining to form a secret society organization, the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner. Called this because they answered "i know nothing" when asked about the organization.

Samuel Slater

He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.

Factory system

a system that efficiently improved manufacturing.

Industrial revolution

A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.

Eli Whitney

inventor of cotton gin

Elias Howe

Invented a much improved sewing machine

Isaac Singer

perfected the sewing machine which gave a boost to northern industrialization.

Samuel Morse

Inventor of Morse code, a code used to send messages by telegraph

Commonwealth v. Hunt

court decided that unions were not conspiracies and it gave workers the right to protest and strike against companies

Cult of domesticity

social customs that resricted women to caring for the house

Deere's Steel Plow

produced a steel plow that broke the virgin soil. Was sharp and effective and light enough to pull horses, rather than oxen.

McCormick's Mower-Reaper

a mechanical mower-reaper. Could to the work of five men.

Lancaster Turnpike

A road made in the 1790s by a company in pennslyvania. a broad, hard surfaced highway that went the 62 miles from lancaster to philidelphia. a marked imporvement in highway travel.

(Cumberland) Road

The road was the first interstate highway, and the only one entirely paid for by federal funds. It ran from Maryland to Illinois and helped with the westward movement.

Robert Fulton

inventor who developed a steamboat with a powerful engine

The Clermont

powerful steam engine in a vessel created by Fulton

Dewitt Clinton

governor that led New Yorkers in digging the Erie Canal, linking the Great Lakes with the Hudson River. this project was also "Clinton;s Big Ditch" or "the Govenor's Gutter"

The Savannah

One of the few American contributions to naval progress, it was the first steamer to cross the Atlantic in 1819.

Market economy

transformed a subsistence economy of scattered farms and tiny workshops into a national network of industry and commerce.

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