Mastering A&P Chapter 18- Endocrine System

Structures of Endocrine System
Adrenal gland, pituitary gland, thyroid, pancreas, ovaries, testes, kidney, small intestine, adipocytes and heart
Endocrine cells
secretary cells that release secretions into the interstitial fluid or the blood (such as hormones)
Exocrine cells
secretory cells that release there secretions into ducts or epithelial cells
sympathetic nervous system, "fight or flight." Epinephrine.
released into blood stream, can travel all over the body to have an effect
Amino Acid Derivatives
1 to 2 amino acids together (Rapid Assembly)
Polypeptide Derivatives
made from proteins (takes longer to build these: made inactive form and as the body needs it, then it becomes active)
Lipid Derivatives
Fat, steroids, cholesterol based
How to decide if it is an Amino Acid
carbon, oxygen and nitrogen