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Politics of the United States
Gateways to Democracy - Chapter 11
Terms in this set (60)
Allocate a set amount of federal dollars for a specific program or agency
congress's power to create a federal program or agency and set levels of federal funds to support that program or agency.
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
a vote that can stop a filibuster and bring debate on a bill to end.
Majority party member of a House or Senate committee who has been chosen to lead the committee and determine which issues the committee considers.
A temporary joint committee set up when the house and the senate have passed different versions of the same bill
The body of voters who elect a representative for their area
Individualized services performed by a member of Congress for a constituent, such as help with a passport, a Social Security problem, or any other issue that requires federal government involvement.
a person appointed or elected to represent others
Governance divided between the parties, as when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress.
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches designed to delay or block passage of a bill in the Senate.
Benefit allowing members of congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free
House Rule Committee
An institution unique to the House of Representatives that reviws all bills coming from a House committee before they go to the full House
The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing such government officials from office.
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
the official who holds an office
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
An action taken by Congress to reverse a presidential veto, requiring a two-thirds majority in each chamber.
The effort by congress, through hearings, investigations, and other techniques, to exercise control over the activities of executive agencies
Voting in Congress according to party position, so that a majority of one party votes against a majority of the other party.
When a president kills a bill passed during the last 10 days Congress is in session by simply refusing to act on it
President Pro Tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers
Senate Majority Leader
The chief leader of the majority party in the Senate, who directs the legislative program and party strategy.
Speaker of the House
constitutional and political leader of the house.
A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
An official who is expected to vote independently based on his or her judgment of the circumstances; one interpretation of the role of the legislator.
A government in which the same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress
The power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes beforehand and lean on waverers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party.
House Majority Leader
leader of the majority party in the House and second in command to the Speaker.
House Minority Leader
leader of the minority party in the House.
Senate Minority Leader
Leader of the minority party in the Senate.
Process by which bills are literally marked up, or written by the members of the committee.
Leader of the minority party members of a committee.
Unanimous Consent Agreement
Agreement among all one hundred senators on how a bill or presidential nomination will be debated, changed, and voted on in the Senate.
Power available to a senator o prevent the unanimous consent that allows a bill or presidential nomination to come to the Senate floor, which can be broken by invoking cloture. (60 votes).
A measure used to bring all bills that contain changes in the tax code or entitlement programs in line with the congressional budget.
Way in which incumbents portray themselves to constituents.
What two chambers is Congress divided into
1) House Representatives
House members and Senators are elected by which amendment
Apportionment Act of 1911
Law that limited the size of the House to 435 members
Congress has the power "to lay and collect taxes. 1913
General Welfare Clause
Article 1, Section 8
Gives Congress the power "to pay the Debts and to provide for the common Defense and general Welfare
Congress has sole power to declare war
Congress has authority to fund or refuse to fund military operations
War Powers Resolution
Federal law intended to check the presidents power to commit the US to a an armed conflict without the consent of Congress.
Requires President to notify Congress in 48 hrs and forbids armed forces from remaining for than 60 days, with a further 30 day withdrawl period
Members in the house meet in a party caucus as members of seperate parties
Each party chooses the party leadership
works with the speaker to decide which issues the party will consider
-coordinates with committee leaders on holding hearings and reporting bill to the House floor for a vote
-makes sure the Senate functions well enough to pass legislation
The highest-ranking member of the minority.
-responsibility is crafting the minority party's position on an issue and serving as the public spokesperson of the party
responsible for administering the rules of the Senate
Committee in the House or Senate that has very limited powers over a specific issue
Committee formed to address a specific issue area or controversy, typically for a defined period of time
Committee that includes members of both the House and Senate
Congressional committee meetings to gather information or hear testimony on a bill, issue, or appointment
5 Hearing functions for members of Congress
1) draw attention to a current issue
2)Inform committee of consequense of a Bill
3) Questions and concerns about a Bill
4)Oversight of executive branch intents
5) Speeches to provide media attention
Process where bills are literally "marked up" or written by the members of the committee
House Rules Committee
Gatekeeping committee that sets th guidelines for debating, changing, and voting on a bill on the floor
Group of members of Congress from both parties who share a common background, economic interest, or opinion on an issue that reflects their constituents' interest
Recommended textbook explanations
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