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30 terms

Chapter 11 & 12 - Late Antiquity, Early Christian, and Byzantine Art

STUDY
PLAY
catacomb
subterranean network of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries
tempera
a technique of painting using pigments mixed with egg yolk, glue or casein
rotunda
the circular area under a dome; also a domed round building
synagogue
a Jewish house of worship, often having facilities for religious instruction
Old Testament
the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa
illuminated manuscript
luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations
piers
vertical, freestanding masonry supports
iconoclasm
the destruction of images
pendentive
concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome
Crucifixion
the death of Jesus upon the Cross
Annunciation
the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary of her conception of Christ
anastasis
a representation in Byzantine art of Christ harrowing hell
nimbus
a halo appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity
cruciform
cross shaped
iconography
refers to the content, or subject, of an art work, and to the study of it
diptych
a 2 paneled painting or altarpiece
lunette
A semicircular area in architecture; It's a painting or relif with a semicircular frame
orant
a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer
New Testament
the collection of the books of the Bible that were produced by the early Christian church, comprising the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and the Revelation of St. John the Divine
vellum
calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
icon
a panel with a painting of sacred persons that are objects of veneration (respect/worship)
squinches
architectural devices used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome
pantokrator
Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth
mosaics
patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors
mandorla
an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding sacred figures.
Gospels
the 4 New Testament books that relate to the life and teachings of Jesus
eucharist
the partaking of bread and wine, which Christians hold to be either Christ himself, or symbolic of him
theotokos
the virgin mary
tessarae
tiny stones or pieces of glass cut to the desired shape and size to form a mosaic
transfiguration
the transformation of jesus from human to son of god often shown in art by a cruciform surrounded by light