Terms for Our Holocaust Unit
Terms in this set (30)
camps that the Nazis established after achieving power in 1933; for actual and potential political enemies (e.g. Jews, communists, socialists, monarchists), Jehovah's Witnesses, gypsies, homosexuals, and other (those that the Nazis considered) "asocials"
"Night of the Broken Glass": pogrom unleashed by the Nazis on November 9-10, 1938. Throughout Germany and Austria, synagogues and other Jewish institutions were burned, Jewish stores were destroyed, their contents looted. At the same time, approximately 35,000 Jewish men were sent to concentration camps.
British Prime Minister, 1937-1940, who tried to appease Hitler and gave him concessions
British Prime Minister, 1940-1945, who opposed Hitler and understood the threat he posed
the cover name for the plan to destroy the Jews of Europe. Beginning in December 1941, Jews were rounded up and sent to extermination camps in Poland; deceptively disguised as "resettlement in the East."
the substitution of an innocent and pleasant term for something unpleasant and difficult to discuss
six death camps in occupied Poland, started in 1941; where Jews, Gypsies, Russian prisoners of war; political enemies, ill people were sent. (Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor, and Treblinka.)
euphemism for the process of choosing victims for the gas chambers in the Nazi camps by separating them from those considered fit to work.
a steamship and refugee ship that left Hamburg in the spring of 1939, bound for Cuba. When the ship arrived, only 22 of the 1128 refugees were allowed to disembark. Initially no country, including the United
States, was willing to accept the others. The ship finally returned to Europe.
the vow to intervene in any present or future attempt to dehumanize a group and perpetrate genocide
an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe
The destruction of some 6 million Jews by the Nazis in Europe between 1933-1945. Other groups were persecuted then, but only the Jews were marked for complete and utter annihilation. The term literally means "a completely burned sacrifice."
a nomadic group of people that spread throughout Europe. They occupied a special place in Nazi racist theory; persecuted almost as relentlessly as the Jews; 500,000 were believed to have perished in the holocaust.
righteous among the nations
non-Jews who, at the risk of their own lives, saved Jews from their Nazi persecutors
a distinctive sign, often the yellow star of David, which Jews were forced to wear on their clothing
a section of a city where all Jews from the surrounding areas were forced to reside. Surrounded by barbed wire or walls, the ghettos were often sealed; characterized by overcrowding, starvation, disease, forced labor.
Anti-Jewish laws enacted in 1935 depriving German Jews of their citizenship and rights. The statutes also clearly established Jewishness based on bloodlines, not religious practice. These laws also prohibited Aryans and Jews from marrying and systematically removed Jews from all spheres of German life.
a term applied by Nazis to people of "pure" Northern European racial background
the science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable hereditary characteristics. Developed largely by Francis Galton as a method of improving the human race, it fell into disfavor only after the perversion of its doctrines by the Nazis.
an individual aware of an incident without being involved, where the life or dignity of others is in danger.
someone who is present at an event and offers aid to an individual in distress or who inspires community or world change, even if it is at risk to themselves
the doctrine that a nation should stay out of the disputes and affairs of other nations
hostility, prejudice or discrimination against Jews
the deliberate and systematic destruction of a religious, racial, national, or cultural group
the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.
to treat someone as if they lack positive human qualities and make them more of an animal; example: depriving prisoners of their clothes or families
to suffer death, typically in a violent, sudden, or untimely way
an individual or group that feels self-respect and self-worth. It is concerned with physical and psychological integrity and empowerment.
efforts to alleviate human suffering, to improve welfare and happiness, and to save human lives
universe of obligation
the circle of individuals and groups toward whom responsibility is felt, to whom rules apply, and whose injuries call for amends
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