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Environmental science chapter 16
Terms in this set (24)
If earth did nit have an atmosphere, most of the energy from the sun would
Be reflected back into space
What is the main cause for global wind patterns?
Unequal heating of different parts of Earth
What happens as a result of the ocean's absorption of carbon dioxide?
It causes a cooling effect
Global warming refers specifically to an increase in
Earth's average surface temperature
Scientists determine current climate conditions by
Making direct measurements
As a result of global warming, some plant species in the mountains of California have
Shifted their location higher into the mountains
What is the biggest danger posed by global warming to people living in coastal areas?
Rising sea level
The amount of carbon dioxide emissions for which an individual or group is responsible is known as a
Which action can reduce the greenhouse gas emissions caused by driving?
Using public transportation
How can the planting of new trees help reduce climate change?
Trees take in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during photosynthesis
In general, warm air can carry LESS water than cool air.
In the process of thermohaline circulation, warmer, less salty water moves around the SURFACE of the ocean
The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is DECREASING.
Other factors aside, an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide would likely INCREASE the amount of vegetation.
Wind power is an energy source that gives off MANY greenhouse gases.
What is the natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere trap heat near Earth and prevent it from radiating back into space?
The greenhouse effect
The data collected from ice cores, ancient sediments, and tree rings are all examples of what or indirect evidence of past climate patterns?
The mass algae death is known as what and is believed to be caused by warmer ocean water temperatures ?
In what type of program can a government put limits on the amount of greenhouse gases than can be released by specific industries?
Cap and trade
What is a binding international agreement that seeks to limit greenhouse gas emissions?
The Kyoto Protocol
How can an area located right on the equator be covered with snow throughout the year?
Because of high altitudes
What is the difference between global climate change and global warming?
Global warming is temperature increase and global climate change is temperature increase and a change in different weather patterns.
What can scientists learn about past climates from tree rings?
Scientists can learn how much a tree grew, how much water it received, and if the weather was mild.
How have the migration patterns of some birds changed as a result of global warming? What are some negative consequences of this change?
Because migrations start earlier in the spring. Negative consequences are that the birds cannot find food.
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