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American Revolution
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Terms in this set (...)

Seven Year's War
French and Indian War
French and Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
George Washington
He had led troops during the French and Indian War. He was appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during 13 Colonies War for Independence/Revolutionary War
Duties
taxes on goods entering the country.
Taxes
money paid to the government
Tariffs
taxes on imports
Customs
money collected under a tariff
Treaty of Paris 1763
Ended French and Indian War, France lost Canada, land east of the Mississippi, to British, New Orleans and west of Mississippi to Spain
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Salutary Neglect
Throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the English government did not enforce those trade laws that most harmed the colonial economy. The purpose of salutary neglect was to ensure the loyalty of the colonists in the face of the French territorial and commercial threat in North America. The English ceased practicing salutary neglect following British victory in the French and Indian War which led to the colonists being upset with the King
Navigation Acts
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries.
Stamp Act
A tax that the British Parliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
Sons of Liberty
A political organization formed by Sam Adams after the passage of the Stamp Act to protest various British acts; organization used both peaceful and violent means of protest
Samuel Adams
Leader of the Sons of Liberty
Townshend Acts
laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea
Boston Tea Party
protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped British tea into Boston harbor
Coercive Acts
This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soldiers in their own homes.
Intolerable Acts
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
Boston Massacre
British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.
Crispus Attucks
A free black man who was the first person killed in the Revolution at the Boston Massacre.
Committees of Correspondence
organized network for passing along news of British activity to the colonies
1st Continental Congress
On September 1774, delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia. After debating, the delegates passed a resolution backing Mass. in its struggle. Decided to boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to Britain until the Intolerable Act was canceled.
Minutemen
volunteer soldiers who were ready to fight in a moments notice
Lexington and Concord
The first battle of the Revolution in which British general Thomas Gage went after the stockpiled weapons of the colonists in Concord, Massachusetts.
2nd Continental Congress
1)Sent the "Olive Branch Petition" 2)Created a continental army with George Washington as the leader. 3)Agreed to write a formal letter declaring their independence from England.
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the Second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Independence Day
July 4th, 1776
Thomas Paine
Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
Loyalists
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Patriots
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain