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Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures

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element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simpler substances by chemical means
pure substance
a sample of matter, either a single element of a single compound, that has definite chemical and physical properties
metal
an element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electricity well
nonmetal
an element that conducts heat and electricity poorly
metalloid
an element that has properties of both metals and nonmetals
compound
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bounds
mixture
a combination of two or more substances that are NOT chemically combined
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed throughout a single phase
solute
in a solution, the substance that dissolves in the solvent
solvent
in a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves
concentration
the amount of a particular substance in a given quantity of a mixture, solution, or ore
solubility
the ability of one substance to dissolve in another at a given temperature and pressure
suspension
a mixture in which particles of a material are more of less evenly dispersed throughout a liquid of gas
colloid
a mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate in size between those in solutions and those in suspensions and that are suspended in a liquid, solid, or gas