World War II Part 2 Unit Exam
Terms in this set (50)
Rosie the Riveter was a symbol of
the campaign to hire women to work in factories during the war.
Prior to being drawn into World War II, the US was already preparing for war -
out of fear of expansionist policies of the Axis Powers
During World War II the US government rationed butter, canned foods, gasoline, and other goods. People could purchase only as much rationed goods as they had ration stamps. Rationing goods on the American home front during World War II was necessary to -
provide supplies for military use
The cost-plus system sped up war production by
providing larger profits for companies that worked fast and produced a lot.
The Navajo Indians were modest sheep herders and farmers. During World War II, they were recruited into the Marines. From 1942 - 1945 they took part in every assault the US Marines conducted in the Pacific. They transmitted secret communications on the battlefields. In 20 seconds, they could encode, transmit, and decode messages that would normally take a machine 30 minutes. They were known for their bravery, skill, speed, and accuracy. The Japanese were never able to break their code. Through the use of their unbreakable code, the Navajo code talkers
played a pivotal role in saving countless lives and hastening the war's end
"If you are going to try to go to war, or to prepare for war, in a capitalist country, you have got to let business make money out of the process or business won't work."—Secretary of War Henry Stimson. What did Henry Stimson believe that companies needed in order to rapidly mobilize the economy?
1. Shift in national production from civilian to war goods 2. decline in unemployment from 7.9% to 1.4% 3. government guidance of economic activity through centralized price and production controls 4. investment of large sums internationally by US. The best title for this list is -
Economic Effects of World War II
Just 6 months after Pearl Harbor the US destroyed the heart of the Japanese navy and stopped its advance in the Pacific. The battle that was known as a turning point in the war of the Pacific was
Battle of Midway
After France surrendered to Germany in June 1940, two members of Congress introduced the
Selective Service and Training Act.
Migrant farm workers became an important part of the Southwest's agricultural system as a result of
the Bracero Program.
How did the successes of the Tuskegee Airmen and other African American units influence U.S. military policy?
President Truman fully integrated the military in 1948 following the war.
In 1942 Secretary of War Henry Stimson declared most of the West Coast a military zone and ordered all people of Japanese ancestry to relocate to
What African American military unit was commended for its service during the Battle of the Bulge?
the 761st Tank Battalion
Which units, comprised of Japanese Americans, were the most decorated in the history of the United States military?
the 100th Infantry and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team
To help farmers in the Southwest overcome the labor shortage, the government introduced the
During World War II, who was the highest-ranking African American officer?
Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.
Attacks on American cargo ships by German submarines led to the development of the
The Allies placed inflated rubber tanks, empty tents, and dummy landing craft along the coast of Britain to convince the Germans that
the Allies planned to land their invasion forces in Pas-de-Calais.
As a result of the Allied attack on Sicily,
the Italian king arrested Mussolini.
It took the Allies five months to break through the German lines at Cassino and
If British and American troops opened a second front by attacking Germany from the west, it would take pressure off the
The "Double V" campaign meant victory
over Hitler's racism abroad and victory over racism at home.
The International Military Tribunal (IMT) was created to
punish German and Japanese military leaders.
The bombing campaign between January 1943 and May 1945 did not destroy Germany's economy or undermine German morale, but it did destroy many aircraft factories, wrecked the railroad system, and caused a severe
The U.S. Marines had severe casualties at Tarawa in part because
the shallow reef prevented many landing craft from reaching shore.
During WWII, he commanded the US Pacific Fleet and coordinated land, sea, and air operations in the Pacific. His leadership at the battles of the Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal helped turn the tide of the war for the allies. This commander was
Admiral Chester Nimitz
As a result of a presidential order allowing the military to declare any part of the United States to be a military zone,
many Japanese Americans were moved to internment camps.
In the case Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that relocation of Japanese Americans was
constitutional because it was based on military urgency.
"The greatest advantage the United States enjoyed on the ground in the fighting was . . . the jeep and the two-and-a-half ton truck. These are the instruments that moved and supplied United States troops in battle, while the German army . . . depended on animal transport. . . . The United States, profiting from the mass production achievements of its automotive industry . . . had mobility that completely outclassed the enemy."—General George Marshall. What does this passage tell you about the Germans?
They could not move supplies and troops as quickly as the Allies.
The Supreme Court ruling in Korematsu v. United States claimed that
in time of peril the government was justified in suspending citizens' civil rights.
In 1988, President Ronald Reagan apologized to formerly interned Japanese Americans and
granted each $20,000.
Which group played a vital role in the war effort after almost half of the soldiers had been in internment camps located in the American Southwest?
A central purpose of the Office of War Information was
improving the public's understanding of the war.
Liberty ships could be produced quickly because they were
assembled from prefabricated parts.
Roosevelt created the Fair Employment Practices Commission to
end discrimination in hiring workers in defense industries.
Companies that wanted to convert their factories to war production received loans from the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
What was a direct result of the use of atomic weapons during World War II?
It created a nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union.
On November 8, 1942, the American invasion of North Africa began under the command of General
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Roosevelt decided to invade Morocco and Algeria in order to
help the British troops fight the Germans in Egypt.
"I never wanted to have to fight this war on two fronts. We haven't got the Navy to fight in both the Atlantic and Pacific . . ."—President Franklin Roosevelt. In the passage above, which two fronts was Roosevelt referring to?
Japan and Germany
The main reason for the United States' direct involvement in World War II was -
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
The Bataan Death March occurred in
"There are many things about this war I do not like. . . yet I believe in the war. . . . [W]e know that whatever the mad logic of [Hitler's] New Order there is no hope for us under it. The ethnic theories of the Hitler 'master folk' admit of no chance of freedom. . . . This is a war to keep men free. The struggle to broaden and lengthen the road of freedom—our own private and important war to enlarge freedom here in America—will come later. . . . I believe in this war because I believe in America. I believe in what America professes to stand for."—J. Saunders Redding, "A Negro Looks at This War". Based on the excerpt, what was J. Saunders Redding's position on African Americans fighting in World War II?
He believed that they should fight for the United States based on the ideal of equality.
"The press news items and reports of investigations show that there has been little change in the attitudes of civilian communities in Southern states. . . . The colored man in uniform is expected by the War Department to develop a high morale in a community that offers him nothing but humiliation and mistreatment. Military training does not develop a spirit of cheerful acceptance of Jim-Crow laws and customs . . ."—Brigadier General B.O. Davis, 9 November 1943. Which of the following statements best summarizes the point Davis is making?
The indignities of segregation are an insult to African American soldiers.
After thousands of jobs were created in the US to focus on war efforts and the creation of the atomic bomb in the 1940s Harry Truman believed that it was his duty as president to -
use every weapon available to save American lives
"We climbed into the truck. . . . We drove through bustling Chinatown, and in a few minutes arrived on the corner of Eighth and Lane. This area was ordinarily lonely and deserted, but now it was gradually filling up with silent, labeled Japanese, standing self-consciously among their seabags and suitcases. . . . Jim Shigeno, one of the leaders of the Japanese-American Citizens' League, stepped briskly up front and started reading off family numbers to fill the bus."—Monica Sone, Nisei Daughter. The excerpt above describes the events during the early years of World War II when
Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps.
The Office of Price Administration began rationing, or limiting the availability of, many consumer products to make sure enough were available for
The U.S. caused massive fires in Tokyo by dropping bombs filled with
During World War II, Americans bought over $150 billion worth of bonds in order to
lend the government money to pay for the war.
"[A]long the vital Pacific Coast over 112,000 potential enemies, of Japanese extraction, are at large today. There are indications that these were organized and ready for concerted action at a favorable opportunity. The very fact that no sabotage has taken place to date is a disturbing and confirming indication that such action will be taken."—Lieutenant General John DeWitt, Final Report: Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942. Based on the excerpt, the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was a result of
fears they posed a threat to national security, although no sabotage had been carried out by Japanese Americans.