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45 terms

Literature Mid-term Vocabulary

Lit. Mid-term Dec. 18
STUDY
PLAY
plot
sequence of events that makes up a story
exposition
introduces the settings, character, general storyline, and basic situation
rising action
introduces and develops the central conflict; action builds towards the high point
climax
high point of interest or purpose; turning point
falling action
end of central conflict; after the high point and reveals what happens as a result of climax
resolution
event occurring during the falling action; conflict solved
conflict
struggle between opposing forces
internal conflict
struggle in the mind of the character; man vs. self
suspense
feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work; keeps the reader interested
flashback
scene within a story showing past events during a present scene; scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occur in the past and relate to the present
foreshadowing
author's hinting about future events in the story
external conflict
outside force; may be between two characters caused by a difference in ideas or personalities; man vs. nature or man vs. society
first person narrator
told by a character who uses the first-person pronoun "I"; limited to what only the narrator knows
third person limited
told by a character who stands outside the action and speaks about it; uses third person pronouns "he" or "she"
omniscient
narrator knows and tells about what each character feels and thinks
protagonist
main character
antagonist
character or force in conflict with a main character
main character
most important character
narrator
speaker or character who tells a story
minor character
character with lesser role in the story but helps develop the main character
round character
fully developed and has many traits
flat character
one sided and stereotypical
point of view
perspective from which story is told
characterization
process by which authors create memorable characters and give them characteristics of interesting people
character
person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work
direct characterization
author tells about the character
indirect characterization
the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
dynamic character
one who changes or grows during a story
static character
one who does not change during the story
motive
reasons behind a character's actions
stereotype
generalization about a character's traits
dialect
form of language spoken by people in a certain region or group
dialogue
conversation between characters
setting
time and place of the story or action; overall enviroment of story; influences plot development and character's actions
mood
feeling created in the reader by a literary work
atmosphere
same as mood - feeling created in the reader by a literary work
theme
central message, concern, or purpose;"insight into/about life"; gift of meaning that the author gives you; underlying message
explicit theme
states the theme in the story directly
implicit/implied theme
author makes you figure this insight yourself; you must infer from the events and characters in the story;
allusion
reference to a well-known person,place,event, literary work, or work of art EX. Atticus says "let this cup pass from me." we relate this to Jesus in the garden before his crucifixion
inference
reasonable conclusion drawn from given facts or clues in the story
tone
writer's attitude toward reader or subject
style
typical way a writer writes, including word choice and sentence structure
symbolism
anything that represents something else
irony
a surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions or problems; contradiction between what the character thinks will happen and what the reader knows to be true