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Lit. Mid-term Dec. 18


sequence of events that makes up a story


introduces the settings, character, general storyline, and basic situation

rising action

introduces and develops the central conflict; action builds towards the high point


high point of interest or purpose; turning point

falling action

end of central conflict; after the high point and reveals what happens as a result of climax


event occurring during the falling action; conflict solved


struggle between opposing forces

internal conflict

struggle in the mind of the character; man vs. self


feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work; keeps the reader interested


scene within a story showing past events during a present scene; scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occur in the past and relate to the present


author's hinting about future events in the story

external conflict

outside force; may be between two characters caused by a difference in ideas or personalities; man vs. nature or man vs. society

first person narrator

told by a character who uses the first-person pronoun "I"; limited to what only the narrator knows

third person limited

told by a character who stands outside the action and speaks about it; uses third person pronouns "he" or "she"


narrator knows and tells about what each character feels and thinks


main character


character or force in conflict with a main character

main character

most important character


speaker or character who tells a story

minor character

character with lesser role in the story but helps develop the main character

round character

fully developed and has many traits

flat character

one sided and stereotypical

point of view

perspective from which story is told


process by which authors create memorable characters and give them characteristics of interesting people


person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work

direct characterization

author tells about the character

indirect characterization

the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others

dynamic character

one who changes or grows during a story

static character

one who does not change during the story


reasons behind a character's actions


generalization about a character's traits


form of language spoken by people in a certain region or group


conversation between characters


time and place of the story or action; overall enviroment of story; influences plot development and character's actions


feeling created in the reader by a literary work


same as mood - feeling created in the reader by a literary work


central message, concern, or purpose;"insight into/about life"; gift of meaning that the author gives you; underlying message

explicit theme

states the theme in the story directly

implicit/implied theme

author makes you figure this insight yourself; you must infer from the events and characters in the story;


reference to a well-known person,place,event, literary work, or work of art EX. Atticus says "let this cup pass from me." we relate this to Jesus in the garden before his crucifixion


reasonable conclusion drawn from given facts or clues in the story


writer's attitude toward reader or subject


typical way a writer writes, including word choice and sentence structure


anything that represents something else


a surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions or problems; contradiction between what the character thinks will happen and what the reader knows to be true

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