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12 terms

AP Psych prologue

STUDY
PLAY
empiricism
medical practice and advice based on observation and experience in ignorance of scientific findings
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
nature-nurture
Name for a controversy in which it is debated whether genetics or environment is responsible for driving behavior
levels of analysis
the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon
biopsychosocial approach
an integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
counseling psychology
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being
psychiarty
a branch of medicine that deals with psychological disorders
william james
founder of functionalism; studied how humans use perception to function in our environment
Edward Bradford Titchner
aimed to discover the structural elements his method was to engage in self-reflective introspection (looking inward)
functionalism
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable us to adapt and survive