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38 terms

Milady Chapter 14 Principles of Hair Design

STUDY
PLAY
Line
Defines form and space.
Horizontal lines
Create width in a hair design. They extend in the same direction and maintain a constant distance apart from the floor or horizon.
Vertical lines
Create length and height in hair design. Makes a hair style appear longer and narrower as the eye follows the lines up and down.
Diagonal lines
Positioned between horizontal and vertical lines.
Curved lines
Lines moving in a circular or semi-circular direction, soften a design.
Single lines
One-length hairstyle
Parallel lines
Repeating lines in a hairstyle, can be straight or curved.
Contrasting lines
Horizontal and Vertical lines that meet at a 90 degree angle.
Transitional lines
Usually curver lines that are used to blend and soften horizontal or vertical lines.
Form
The mass or general outline of a hairstyle. It is three-dimensional and has length, width, and depth.
Space
The area surrounding the form or the area the hairstyle occupies.
Haircolor
An important role in hair design, both visually and psychologically.
Proportion
The comparative relationship of one thing to another.
Balance
Establishing equal or appropriate proportions to create symmetry. Can be either Symmetrical or Asymmetrical.
Symmetrical balance
When an imaginary line is drawn through the center of the face and the two resulting halves form a mirror image of one another.
Asymmetrical Balance
When the two imaginary halves of a hairstyle have an equal visual weight, but are positioned unevenly.
Rhythm
Regular pulsation or recurrent pattern of movement in a design.
Emphasis
Also known as "focus", what draws the eye first before it travels to the rest of the design. (Wave Patterns, Color, Change in form, Ornamentation)
Harmony
Creation of unity in a design and is the most important of the art principles.
Oval
About one and a half times longer than it's width across the brow. Can wear any hairstyle.
Round
Round hairline, and round chin line, wide face.
Square face
Wide at the temples, narrow at the middle third of the face, and squared of at the jaw.
Triangular
Narrow forehead, wide jaw and chin line.
Oblong
Long, narrow face with hollow cheeks.
Diamond
Narrow forehead, extreme width through the cheekbones, and narrow chin.
Inverted Triangle
Wide forehead and narrow chin line.
Profile
The outline of the face, head or figure seen in a side view.
Straight Profile
Considered the ideal profile.
Convex
Receding forehead and chin.
Concave
Prominent forehead and chin, with other features receded inward.
Bang Area
Begins at the Apex and ends at the front corners.
Triangular part
Basic parting for bang sections.
Diagonal part
Gives height to a round or square face and width to a long thin face.
Curved part
Used for receding hairline or high forehead.
Center part
Used for oval face, but can also give an oval illusion to wide and round faces.
Side part
Used to direct hair across the top of the head. They help develop height on top and make thin hair appear fuller.
Diagonal part
Used to create the illusion of width or height in a hairstyle.
Zigzag part
Creates a dramatic effect.