Terms in this set (33)
European ideas such as John Locke's that influenced the Declaration of Independence.
Consent of the governed
Power to rule belongs to the people.
Life, liberty and property-government must protect them.
Virginia House of Burgesses
1st representative legislature in the new world.
A social contract that was an early step towards self-government.
British economic theory that stated that the mother country should control its colonies trade, manufacturing, raw materials and taxes.
Pamplet written by Thomas Paine that convinced colonists to join the patriot cause.
Large farms in the south that used slavery to produce cash crops.
"No taxation without representation"
Slogan that protested British mercantile policies.
Declaration of Independence
Document that stated the reasons why the colonists should be free from British rule.
Articles of Confederation
1st form of government that created a weak central government and gave states all the power.
North Western Land Ordinances
Method for adding new states to the union, a strength of the Articles of Confederation.
Created a bi-cameral legislature to decide how states would be represented in Congress.
Meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation, many compromises were made.
Seperation of Powers
Creating 3 branches of government so no one becomes too powerful.
A 2 house congress.
People who wanted the new constitution ratified.
A collection of essays written to support the new Constitution.
People who opposed the Constitution and demanded a Bill of Rights.
Adressed if slaves should count for the purposes of taxation and representation.
To approve or become official.
Checks and Balances
A set of procedures such as veto, impeachment and the ability of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional, that prevent any branch from becoming too powerful.
Preamble of the Constitution
Begins "We the people...." and states that the power to govern belongs to the people.
A form of government where citizens elect their leader to make laws and decisions for them.
Can Appoint/nominate judges, negotiate treaties, veto laws, and is commander in chief of armed forces.
Approves presidential nominations, ratifies treaties, carries out impeachment trial of the president.
The House of Representatives
Can raise taxes, bring impeachment charges on the president.
Bill of Rights
1st 10 amendments to constitution intended to protect citizens from an abusive government.
Dividing power between the central and state governments.
Counts number of people in each state to determine representation in the House of Representatives.
Powers given to the states
Powers given to the central govt. such as coining money, declaring war and immigration laws
Powers shared by the central and state govt. such as taxation and making laws