20 terms

Vocabulary Level F Unit 4 (with synonyms and antonyms)

I put asterisks (*) instead of the word in the example sentence.
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Terms in this set (...)

affable
(adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
Synonyms: genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial
Antonyms: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable
Example: We spent a pleasant afternoon with our ******* neighbors.
aggrandize
(v.) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth, to build up or intensify; to make appear greater
Synonyms: augment, amplify, enhance, exalt
Antonyms: reduce, decrease, diminish
Example: John D, Rockefeller worked to ********** his empire by purchasing oils wells, refineries, and pipelines.
amorphous
(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion
Synonyms: formless, unstructured, nebulous, inchoate
Antonyms: definite, well-defined, clear-cut
Example: The ********* body of the amoeba was fascinating to watch under the microscope.
aura
(n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality
Synonyms: ambience, atmosphere
Example: What people thought was her **** of mystery was actually a mask for her shyness.
contraband
(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited
Synonyms: (adj.) illicit, bootleg, unlawful
Antonyms: (adj.) legal, lawful, licit
Example: Three jeweled combs from the 17th century were among the ********** seized by the police
erudite
(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
Synonyms: profoundly educated, well-read
Antonyms: ignorant, uneducated, illiterate
Example: For my paper, I would like to find an ******* history of the subject written in a clear and unbiased manner.
gossamer
(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n.) a very thin, light cloth
Synonyms: (adj.) filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy
Antonyms: (adj.) thick, dense, solid, massive
Examples: Ghosts are often depicted in literature as wearing ******** clothing that makes them seem all the more ethereal.
&
The book was so old that each finely printed page seemed only the weight of ********.
infer
(v.) to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply
Synonyms: gather, deduce, presume, guess, speculate
Example: I can ***** nothing from his odd behavior.
inscrutable
(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
Synonyms: impenetrable, incomprehensible, enigmatic
Antonyms: comprehensible, intelligible, penetrable
Example: I could not tell by her *********** smile whether she was pleased or only amused with me.
insular
(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience
Synonyms: narrow-minded, parochial, provincial
Antonyms: catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal
Example: You seem too sophisticated to hold such ******* opinions.
irrevocable
(adj.) incapable or being changed or called back
Synonyms: irreversible, unrecallable, unalterable
Antonyms: reversible, changeable
Example: We tend to think of court verdicts as ********** but they are often overturned by higher courts.
propensity
(n.) natural inclination or predilection toward
Synonyms: natural bent, proclivity, penchant
Antonyms: natural incapacity or inability
Example: Queen Elizabeth I showed a strong ********** for putting off decisions in the hopes that they would resolve themselves.
querulous
(adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful
Synonyms: petulant, touchy, cranky, irritable
Antonyms: uncomplaining, stoical, serene, placid
Example: Some flight attendants dread a ********* airline passenger more than they do rough weather.
remonstrate
(v.) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to
Synonyms: reason against, expostulate
Example: Slowly, carefully, keeping his voice down, he argued with the caller as one might *********** with a child.
repudiate
(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of
Synonyms: disavow, abjure, renounce
Antonyms: avow, affirm, aver, avouch
Example: He was forced to ********* a statement he hand made before he'd had all the information.
resilient
(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
Synonyms: springy, elastic, buoyant, bouncy
Antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, unyielding
Example: The development of lightweight, ********* plastics revolutionized the design of many durable goods.
reverberate
(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
Synonyms: rumble, thunder, boom, echo
Example: From the construction site, the noise of bulldozers and dump trucks *********** across the valley.
scurrilous
(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul mouthed
Synonyms: obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperative
Antonyms: decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified
Example: Days passed and unrest grew, and soon the rebels began a *********** attack on their absent leader.
sedulous
(adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination
Synonyms: assiduous, tireless, indefatigable
Antonyms: lackadaisical, listless, indolent, otiose
Example: No one could say that he was lazy, for he was a careful, ******** copier of other of other people's work.
sleazy
(adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean or disreputable
Synonyms: inferior, cheesy, tawdry, tatty
Antonyms: superior, first-rate, quality, sturdy
Example: The old lady made her clothes at home in order to avoid the ****** goods sold in the general store.

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