Only $35.99/year

Terms in this set (59)

Territories in the Italian Peninsula that were governed by the papacy from 754 to 1870. Around the early 4th century, popes (were also known as bishops) acquired property around Rome, known as the Patrimony of St. Peter. In the 5th century, the Western Empire came to an end and the Eastern Empire in Italy weakened, thus the power of the popes increased as well as their influence in central Italy, and more people relied on their protection. The Eastern Roman Empire were lands of the papal state and were supervised by officers of the church. In the 8th century, the papal states official beginning began. Because of the empire's increased imperial taxation, and their inability to protect Italy, pope Gregory the II and III turned away from the Byzantine empire. When Lombards then threatened to take over, Pippin III defeated their leader and promised to restore the popes land. During the middle ages, popes managed to maintain the papal states.When the Carolingian Empire broke up in the 9th century, Roman nobility took control of the papacy. Though they were not the best leader, they did want to preserve the papal states. In the 14th century, things got worse, popes were moving to Avignon and not returning to Rome, where they're suppose to be. Eventually, the Great Schism came along, aggravating the situation and leading to two rival popes fighting for the papal position. The papal states reached their greatest extent under the warrior pope, Julius II. After his death, the papals states status diminished due to the spread of the Reformation in the mid 16th century. When the papal states were annexed to Italy, the papal states were officially put to an end. The papal states were important, they were the ones who collected taxes, maintained court laws, and maintained military forces. It's members were also spiritual leader during the Middle Ages.