Ap Human Geography Vocab 1
Terms in this set (51)
A specific location.
Exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates.
Describes a place in relation to other places around it.
Physical position in relation to the surroundings (internal features)
Refers to the external relations of a locale.
The distance that can be measured with a standard unit length, such as a mile or kilometer.
Distance measured, not in linear terms such as miles or kilometers, but in terms such as cost and time.
An isogram connecting points at which something occurs or arrives at the same time
The ratio between the size of something and a representation of it
The physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities.
An area of land represented by its features and patterns of human occupation and use of natural resources
The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
Pertaining to space on the Earth's surface; sometimes used as a synonym for geographic.
Movement of people, freight, or information between places.
Friction of Distance
The population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
The spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume
Spread out or scattered
Gathered in a small, close group; bunched
Ex: houses along a street
When objects are clustered together (concentrated).
Ex: Spatial layout of football stadiums in the Greater London Area.
A pattern with no specific order or logic behind its arrangement
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
An area organized around a focal point.
Region whose boundaries are determined by people's beliefs, not a scientifically measurable process.
A diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)
Shows the ratio between distances on a map and distances on the earth
The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
A change in the shape, size, or position of a place when it is shown on a map
Pattern formed on a map or globe by the crossing of parallels and meridians. This pattern makes it possible to pinpoint exact locations.
Zones that divide the globe into 24 regions to keep standard solar time consistent around the world
a map that shows a particular theme, or topic such as climate, vegetation, natural resources, population density, economic activity, historical trends, movement, etc...
A special type of map in which the variation in quantity of a factor such as rainfall, population, or crops in a geographic area is indicated; such as a dot map
Map where the size and shape of the landmass is determined by specific data.
Maps where one dot represents a certain number of a phenomenon such as population
A thematic map that uses tones or colors to represent spatial data as average values per unit area
Map displaying lines that connect points of equal value; for example, a map showing elevation levels
Geographic Information System
A computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic data
Global Positioning System
A method of finding latitude and longitude using a network of satellites
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Image of picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that space.
The act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale)
The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
The region from which innovative ideas originate
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
The rapid, spread of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
The name by which a geographical place is known