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the common values and traditions of a society, such as language, government, and family relationships
aboveground houses made of a heavy clay called adobe that were built by Native Americans of the southwestern United States
images of ancestors or animal spirits; often carved onto tall, wooden poles by Native American peoples of the Pacific Northwest
a device that enabled navigators to learn their ship's location by charting the position of the stars
ships that used triangular sails to sail against the wind, and had rudders to improve steering
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa
a Spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
a nonexistent path through North America that early explorers searched for that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
the first Americans who crossed from Asia into North America sometime between 38,000 and 10,000 BC
South Americans that built their cities in the Andes Mountains and named their capitol city Cuzco
a political confederation of five northeastern Native American nations of the Seneca, Oneida, Mohawk, Cayuga, and Onondaga that made decisions concerning war and peace
A viking explorer from Norway that was heading to Greenland when strong winds blew him to North America
an Italian explorer that was convinced that he could reach Asia by going westward through the Atlantic Ocean
a Portuguese explorer that sailed to the tip of South America and then he kept going up even though his ship was low on food and water
he led a Spanish fleet to a coast of South America and claimed he found a new world
Bartolome de las Casa
a priest that said that the colony should treat the Native Americans kindly and convert them to Christianity
Samuel de Champlain
a French explorer that explored North America, following the steps of a previous French explorer
an explorer that set out to find a river that had been reported by French missionaries
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