29 terms

Belief Systems-Concepts

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authority
power being exercised with the consent of the members of the belief system
beliefs
principles accepted and shared among a group of people
change
alterations to traditions will affect the nature of the belief system
conflict
disagreement may arise between individuals and groups because of their status or role within the belief system and/or because of incompatible ideas or cultural factors.
continuity
Traditions define a belief system. Beliefs , doctrines and customs are passed down from generation to generation and help people to make sense of their world and the cosmos.
customs
the established ways of thinking and acting for followers of a belief system
gender
does the belief system impact on male and female roles and the relationship between the sexes
globalisation
through information systems and the global economy changes may occur . The belief system may become more global and /or its nature change
hierarchy
levels of status or importance in the belief system
ideology
a cultural plan, an idea, with ways of putting the plan into action
language
a feature of culture; may be specific to a belief system such as Hebrew, Sanskrit or Arabic. Jargon that applies to the belief system and distinguishes it from others.
life cycle
transition period between life stages, often marked by ceremony.
myth
traditional stories about supernatural beings or events. may explain natural phenomena. May instruct followers in correct behaviour or morals.
norms
behaviours regarded as acceptable for members of the belief system. May be consequences if a persons behaviour is unacceptable.
philosophy
a system of principles that guide practical affairs.
power
individuals and groups have control over others in the belief system.
power structure
the way in which relationships are organised in belief systems. Some groups may be expressed or exploited.
ritual
prescribed procedures that people in a belief system must follow, for worship or life cycle ceremonies. Have a correct sequence.
symbols
abstract principles may be represented by images within a belief system.
technology
information and communication may introduce change to a belief system.
values
things that are held as being of utmost importance to followers of a belief system.
worldviews
the shared principles of a belief system and the associated ideology help people to arrive at certain easy of perceiving the world and the cosmos.
shaman
witch doctor or priest who has supernormal powers
animism
earliest and most fundamental form of religion from which all others have evolved; defined by attribution of living souls to plants, inanimate objects and natural phenomena
monotheism
worship of one God
religions of Semitic origin
Judaism, Christianity and Islam; believe in single divine being that has created the world, revelations from God, adherents will be judged by God
atheists
reject the existence of God since sensory experience cannot confirm it
agnostics
doubt the existence of God since God cannot be proved by scientific means, but do not say he doesn't exist
secular humanists
argue that religion reflects an age when mysteries of nature required an explanation ; nowadays we have scientific explanations so the God-hypotheis is not required
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