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18 terms

Relative Position Terms

STUDY
PLAY
superior
a part is above another part or closer to the head
(used when referring to head and trunk)
inferior
a part that is below another part of towars the feet
(used when referring to head and trunk)
anterior
toward the front
posterior
toward the back, opposite anterior
medial
imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves. A part is medial if it is closer to this line then the others
lateral
toward the side with respect to the imaginary line
bilateral
paired structures, one on each side( ex:eyes)
ipsilateral
structure on the same side ex: (right lung and right kidney)
contralateral
structures on the opposite side (ex:paitent with a facture right leg would have to bear weight on lower left limb)
proximal
a part closer to the trunk of the body or closer to to another specified point of reference than another part
distal
the opposite if proximal, particular body part is farther from trunk or any specificed point
superficial
near the surface (ex:epidermis)
deep
describes more internal parts (ex:dermis)
sagittal
a lengthwish cut that divides the body into right and left portions (not neccessarily in the center)
midsagittal
section passed along the mideline and divides the body into equals parts called median (midline)
parasagittal
sections lateral to the midline
transverse
a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
frontal
a section that divides the body into anterior and superior portions