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The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.


The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words(as in "she sells sea shells"). The repetition can reinforce meaning, unify ideas, supply a musical sound, and/or echo the sense of the passage.


A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.


The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence or passage.


The repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause


A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.


One of the devices of repetition in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, and sentences.


A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event.


The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.


A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.


A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.


The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described.


A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.


The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. Not generally accepted in formal writing, colloquialisms give a work a conversational, familiar tone.


A principal demanding that the parts of any composition be arranged so that the meaning of the whole may be immediately clear and intelligible.


A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.


The nonliteral, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning.

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