15 terms

VOCABULARY #3

2012-2013
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expression
a mathematical phrase containing variables or constants and including at least one operation. Example: 12 - X
equation
a mathematical sentence stating that two expressions are equal.
algebra
a branch of mathematics using symbols rather than numbers.
algebraic expression
a mathematical phrase that has at least one variable and one operation. Example: 10 X n or 10n
sum
the answer to an addition problem.
addend
the numbers being added.
difference
the answer to subtraction problem.
minuend
the number from which another number is being subtracted.
subtrahend
the number being subtracted from another number.
product
the answer to a multiplication problem.
factor
a number that divides another number without a remainder. The numbers that are multiplied together to get a product.
quotient
the answer in a division problem. Example: 45/9 = 5, 5 is the quotient.
divisor
the number used to divide another number. Example: In 12/3, 3 is the divisor.
dividend
the number being divided by another number. Example: In 12/3, 12 is the dividend.
axis
either of two lines drawn perpendicular to each other in a graph. These serve as the "X" and "Y" of the coordinate plane.