Terms in this set (47)

  • Chiasmus
    Word order ABBA
  • Synchesis
    "Interlocked word order" ABAB
  • Anastrophe
    The reversal of the usual order of words
  • Hyperbaton
    The separation of words that usually go together
  • Ellipsis
    Stylistic form of writing where a word in left out in English
  • Polyptoton
    The repetition of the same word in slightly varied forms
  • Tricolon
    The use of three
  • Lytotes
    The assertion of something by denying its opposite ex: not unhappy
  • Simile
    A comparison between two terms using "as" or "like"
  • Polysyndeton
    Excessive use of conjunctions
  • Asyndeton
    Lack of conjunctions
  • Pleonasm
    Extra words not needed
  • Pleonastic Negative
    Two "nots" to be extra strong, that don't cancel out
  • Hendiadys
    Noun and noun = adjective noun
  • Anaphora
    Repetition of the same words
  • Rhetorical Question
    A question that doesn't expect an answer
  • Hyperbole
    Over exaggeration
  • Praeteritio
    saying you won't do something, and in doing so, say it (for I wont recall these ancient things...)
  • Repetition
    Repeating for emphasis
  • Syncopi
    When a word is shortened from its original form
  • Zeugma
    When you use one word (usually an adverb) twice. Once literally, once figuratively
  • Tmesis
    Separation of the parts of a compound word
  • Paralell Structure
    When the format or structure of two or more things is identical
  • Metonymy
    Using one word for a related word
  • Synecdoche
    (Type of Metonymy) Part for the whole (All hands on deck)
  • Alliteration
    The repetition of the same sound at the beginning of successive words
  • Homeoteleuton
    The repetition of the same sound at the end of successive words
  • Antithesis
    To bring opposite ideas together (oxymoron)
  • Word Picture
    To show or represent something through the order of words
  • Para Prosdokian
    The reader is led to expect one thing, and surprised with something else
  • Elision
    (similar to a contraction) When two words are combined into one
  • Allegory
    A narrative in which abstract ideas figure as circumstances or persons, usually to enforce a moral truth
  • Aposiopesis
    An abrupt failure to complete a sentence, for rhetorical effect
  • Apostrophe
    Direct address of an absent person, place, thing, or abstraction. tends to raise the emotional tone and is often used for a pathetic or mock-tragic effect.
  • Assonance
    The close recurrence of similar sounds, usually of medial or final vowel sounds. Tends to draw emphasis or reflect the mood-often with a softening effect.
  • Ecphrasis
    An apparent digression describing a place, connected at the end of the description to the main narrative by hic or huc. This device is used in epic for a transition to a new scene. Also used for other descriptions-vividly pictured-separate from the larger story. This is often used for explanations or morals.
  • Enjambement
    The running over of a sentence from one verse or couplet into another so that closely related words fall in different lines. Puts emphasis on the word(s) at the beginning of the next line, which may be a surprise.
  • Hysteron Proteron
    Reversal of chronological order in order to put the more important idea first.
  • Irony
    The use, clearly intentional or apparently unintentional (dramatic irony), or words with a meaning contrary to the situation.
  • Metaphor
    An implied comparison; that is, the use of a word or words suggesting a likeness between what is actually being described and something else.
  • Onomatopoeia
    Use of words whose sound suggests the sense.
  • Oxymoron
    The use of apparently contradictory words in the same phrase. The juxtaposition of the opposite words heightens the paradox.
  • Personification
    Treatment of inanimate objects as human.
  • Prolepsis
    Use of a word before it is appropriate in the context. A proleptic adjective does not apply to its noun until after the action of the verb. It anticipates a future event and adds emphasis to the adjective.
  • Prosopopoeia
    The assumption of another's persona for rhetorical or dramatic effect.
  • Transferred Epithet
    A device of emphasis in which the poet attributes some characteristic of a thing to another thing closely associated with it.
  • Consonance
    Repetition of the same consonantal sound medially or finally which tends to draw emphasis or reflect the mood. It can indicate a softening or hardening effect.