World History Since 1500 Chapter 23
Terms in this set (59)
Which of the following was not one of the major 18th century wars in Europe?
The Thirty Years War
Which of the following describes the Enlightenment in Europe?
All of the above.
Which of the following would John Locke have argued?
Individual rights can be only guaranteed by an absolute ruler whose power is unchecked by the populace.
One of Rousseau's most radical ideas was that the will of the people was sacred and that government
authority rested on the consent of the governed.
What were the goals of monarchs such as Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia in supporting the Enlightenment?
The expansion of royal authority over localism, religious institutions, and the nobility.
Women were instrumental in the dissemination of new political ideas by
- All of these.
In Europe in the Western Hemisphere, the Enlightenment's intellectual ferment most deeply influenced the -
Respectable new public venues for discussion of intellectual ideas included -
coffeehouses and tea shops.
The salon - a
private venue for discussing intellectual ideas.
Counter Enlightenment thinkers argues the importance of faith to human happiness and that -
change and utopianism were flawed ideals.
In the 18th century, the common people of Europe sometimes expressed outrage over -
violations of popular customs.
Enlightenment reformers sought to ban numerous folk traditions like harvest festivals or religious holidays - .
the celebrations were viewed as corrupt and decadent
What problems did the British face after defeating the French in 1763 -
limited settlement in Amerindian lands and the need to impose higher taxes.
The Proclamation of 1763 is the British attempt to -
limit western expansion by colonists to land under their control.
The Proclamation of 1763 and the Quebec Act of 1774 were intended to -
keep colonists from taking Amerindian land by slowing settlement.
The American frontier issues of the 18th century were a result of Britain's attempt to -
get the colonists to shoulder some of the costs of imperial wars.
The British angered American colonists by doing all of the following EXCEPT -
prohibiting publication of inflammatory political tracts.
Which 1770 event galvanized public opinion throughout the American colonies against British rule?
The Boston Massacre
The boycott of British goods was often organized by -
women of prominent colonial families.
Before 1775, which of the following were tactics with which North American settlers responded to British policies? -
All of the above.
Common Sense, the pamphlet that stirred up anti-British sentiment on the eve of the American Revolution was written by - .
A pivotal event that pushed popular support for independence from Britain was -
The Boston Massacre.
The British had significant allies during the American Revolution, among them the Mohawks, while the colonists gained this country's support after their victory at Saratoga -
the French, led by Lafayette.
The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 was crucial because it -
brought the French into the war.
At Yorktown, with the American army supported by French soldiers and a French fleet, the British General Cornwallis -
surrendered to General Washington.
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 is called "The Second American Revolution" because the delegates pushed aside their announced purpose and -
in secret wrote a new constitution presided over by George Washington.
In the Constitution, slaves were counted as three-fifths of a person -
to give southern states more representatives.
The Constitution was different from the Article of Confederation in that it -
created a two-house legislature.
Under which state constitution were women and African Americans eligible to vote until these rights were eliminated in 1807 -
The French Revolution -
did not create enduring representative institutions.
As a result of the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was -
The system of social organization in France would have placed the clergy in -
the First Estate.
Which of the following contributed to the financial crisis that triggered the French Revolution? - .
All of the above
In 1787, the Assembly of Notables -
sought to protect their own interests.
In 1787, King Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General, the French National Legislature because -
the French elite would not consent to new taxes.
Which French Estate, with allies from the other estates, declared itself to be the National Assembly? -
The Third Estate.
The Tennis Court Oath was -
the declaration by the Third Estate that they would not convene again without a constitution.
In response to economic depression, hunger, high bread prices in 1789 a Parisian crowd -
attacked the Bastille.
When the Parisian crowd marched to Versailles, it - .
demanded the return of the royal family to Paris
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen was -
a statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen included which of the following rights - .
all of the above
In September of 1792, rumors of counterrevolutionary plots caused mobs to -
attack Paris prisons, killing half of the prisoners.
King Louis XVI lost his authority in France when it was taken in 1792 by which agency? -
The National Convention.
Most of the Jacobin members of the National Convention were -
radical republicans from the middle-class.
Robespierre was a young, little-known member of which political group -
The Reign of Terror claimed 40,000 lives and -
made a new calendar without Sundays.
The end of the Reign of Terror came in 1794 when -
Robespierre was arrested and executed by conservatives in the convention.
Napoleon's rise to power marked another modern form of government called
Napoleon's plans for European conquest were held in check the naval supremacy of
Napoleon won the support of the peasantry and the middle-class by rewriting French law -
to protect property and to assert equality in law.
Desiring to extend France's power, Napoleon invaded which countries - .
Portugal, Spain, Austria, and Russia
After his escape from Elba, Napoleon was defeated at the -
Battle of Waterloo.
Saint Dominque was important to France because -
it generated one-third of all French foreign trade.
Aside from the brutal conditions Saint Domingue, the island erupted in revolt because -
rich planters, poor whites, and jean de couleur all pursued their narrow interests and because of the turmoil in revolutionary France.
Who is Francois Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture -
leader of a slave revolt in Saint Domingue.
Support for the Haitian revolution was found in the jean de couleur, who were -
free men and women of color in Haiti.
The Congress of Vienna restored order in Europe in post-Napoleonic period with a meeting with key delegates from -
Britain, Prussia, Austria, and Russia.
In 1830, Greece won its independence from the -
The revolutions of 1848 were widespread across Europe and were inspired by -
the desire for democratic reforms in national self-determination.