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LOM CHAPTER 14 PATHOLOGY
Terms in this set (27)
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Group of clinical signs and symptoms associated with suppression of the immune system and marked by opportunistic infections, secondary neoplasms, and neurologic problems.
Yeast-like fungus (candida), normally present in the mouth, skin, intestinal tract, and vagina, overgrows, causing infection of the mouth (thrush), respiratory tract, and skin.
cryptococcal infection (Crypto)
Yeast-like fungus (cryptococcus) causes lung, brain, and blood infections.
Parasitic infection of the gastrointestinal tract and brain and spinal cord.
cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
Virus causes enteritis and retinitis
Viral infection causes small blisters on the skin of the lips or nose or on the genitals.
Fungal infection caused by inhalation of dust contaminated with Histoplasma capsulatum; causes fever, chills, and lung infection.
mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) complex infection
Bacterial disease manifesting with fever, malaise, night sweats, anorexia, diarrhea, weight loss and lung and blood infections.
pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
One-celled organism causes lung infection, with fever, cough, and chest pain.
Parasitic infection involving the central nervous system (CNS) and causing fever, chills, visual disturbances, confusion, hemiparesis and seizures.
Bacterial disease involving the lungs, brain, and other organs.
Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen.
Malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymph tissue.
Malignant tumor of bone marrow cells.
Malignant tumor of the thymus gland.
Substance capable of causing a specific hypersensitivity reaction in the body; a type of antigen.
Exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to foreign protein or other substances.
Hypersensitive or allergic state involving an inherited predisposition.
Helper T cells that carry the CD4 protein antigen on their surface. HIV binds to CD4 and infects and kills T cells bearing this protein.
Malignant tumor or lymphoid tissue in spleen and lymph nodes.
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Virus (retrovirus) that causes AIDS.
Malignant lesion associated with AIDS; arises from the lining of capillaries and appears as red, purple, brown or black skin nodules.
Group of malignant tumors involving lymphoid tissue.
Infectious disease associated with AIDS; they occur because HIV infection lowers the body's resistance and allows infection by bacteria and parasites that normally are easily contained.
Drug that treats AIDS by blocking the production of protease, a proteolytic enzyme that helps create new viral pieces of HIV.
reverse transcriptase inhibitor (RTI)
Drug that treats AIDS by blocking reverse transcritptase, en enzyme needed to make copies of HIV.
Weight loss, decrease in muscular strength, appetite, and mental activity; associated with AIDS.
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