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also referred to parallel construction or parallel structure. This term comes from Greek roots meaning "beside one another." It refers to the grammatical of rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences or paragraphs to give structural similarity.


A work tht closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule. AS comedy, parody distorts or exaggerates distinctive features of the original.


an adjective that describes words, phrases, or generl tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bokish

periodic sentence

A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. This independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone.


a figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions.

point of view

In literature, the perspective from which a story is told

first person narrator

tells the story with the first person pronoun, "I," and is a character in the story

third person narrator

relates the events with the third person pronouns, "he," "she," and "it." There are two main subdivisions to be aware of: omniscient and limited omniscient

predicate adjective

One type of subject complement- and adjective, group of adjectives, or adjective clause that follows a linking verb. It is in the predicate of the sentence, and modifies or describes the subject

predicate nominative

a second type of subject complement- a noun, group of nouns, or noun clausethat renames the subject

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