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National 4 Music Concepts
concepts for National 4 music
Terms in this set (82)
The music returns to the main tempo (speed) after there has been a change.
Three-part form - music in three sections: section A, then B, then back to A.
The tempo (speed) of the music gradually becomes faster.
Music which features voices and/or African drums.
The lowest female voice.
The notes which appear before the first strong beat of a musical phrase, particularly at the start of a piece.
A tempo at a walking speed.
Notes of a chord played one after the other.
Singers who support the lead singer(s), usually by singing in harmony in the background.
The name given to a style of music composed during the period 1600-1750 approximately.
The lowest male voice
This instrument belongs to the percussion family.
This instrument is pitched lower than a guitar. It is an electric string instrument and has only four strings, two fewer than an electric guitar.
A band of brass instruments and percussion.
The notes of a chord are played separately.
A passage of music which allows soloists to display their technical ability in singing or playing an instrument.
Strict imitation. Once one part starts to play or sing a melody, another part enters shortly afterwards with exactly the same melody.
This instrument belongs to the string family and is slightly smaller and slightly higher in pitch than a double bass.
Change of key
A move from one key to another.
A series of related chords built on the first, fourth and fifth notes of a major or minor scale.
This instrument belongs to the woodwind family. It uses a single reed, which is attached to a plastic mouthpiece.
The beat is divided into groups of three.
A work for solo instrument and orchestra, eg a flute concerto is written for flute and orchestra.
A percussion instrument, round in shape and made of metal.
An electronic effect used in rock music to colour the sound of an electric guitar. It gives a 'fuzzy' sound rather than the usual clean sound.
A long note followed by a shorter one or a short note followed by a longer one, as in a Scotch snap.
The largest and lowest instrument of the string family.
One note held on or repeated in the bass.
This instrument belongs to the woodwind family, although it is made of metal. It differs from other woodwind instruments as it does not have a reed.
This instrument belongs to the percussion family. The metal bars are laid out in a similar pattern to the piano and are played with beaters.
A group of semiquavers which are joined together.
This instrument belongs to the percussion family. It is made of wood that has been hollowed out and has ridges cut into the outer surface. A wooden stick is scraped along the ridges to produce the sound.
This instrument belongs to the string family. It is usually about 1.8 metres high, weighs 36kg and has 47 strings.
A keyboard instrument which looks like a small grand piano. The keys are laid out in the same way as on a piano but are opposite in colour - the majority of the keys are black, and the raised ones are white.
Where the melody is immediately copied in another part.
A fast dance in compound time. Usually 2 beats in a bar, with each beat dividing into 3 quavers.
The music is often described as having a cheery, happy feel to it.
Fairly loud volume.
Fairly quiet volume
In popular music, a section which provides a contrast to the opening section. It is often eight bars long.
The music sounds in a minor key, often described as having a sadder feel than major.
Unaccompanied songs with Gaelic or nonsense words, normally sung for ceilidh dances.
Using a device which reduces the volume or alters the sound of an instrument.
A drama set to music with soloists, chorus, acting, and orchestral accompaniment.
Decorates a melody by adding extra notes. They are often short and add melodic and rhythmic interest.
Two quavers (1/2 beat notes) joined together.
Pipes which are graded in size and are bound together. The sound is made by blowing across the top of the pipes.
A note which is sustained, or repeated continuously, in the bass beneath changing harmonies.
Any five-note scale. In practice, the most common one is that on which much folk music is based, particularly Scottish and Celtic.
A note that lasts half a beat.
A style of dance music which became popular at the end of the 19th century and which helped to influence jazz.
The tempo (speed) of the music gradually slows down.
Rhyming lyrics that are spoken and performed in time to a beat. Rapping is popular in hip-hop music.
There are four main types of recorder: descant, treble, tenor and bass.
Developed in the late 1960s in Jamaica. It has quite a distinctive sound and has the characteristic of strong accents on the 2nd and 4th beats of the bar.
A sign which indicates a section of music should be repeated.
In music, the period 1810-1900 approximately, which followed the Classical era.
This instrument belongs to the woodwind family. It uses a single reed which is attached to a plastic mouthpiece.
A sequence of notes moving by step in an ascending or descending order.
Nonsense words, syllables and sounds are improvised (made up) by the singer. Sometimes the singer is imitating the sounds of instruments.
A very short accented note before a longer note.
A Scottish song which tells a story. Examples of Scots ballads are 'Flower of Scotland' and 'Loch Lomond'.
A note that lasts for a quarter (1/4) of a beat.
The music has two, three or four beats in each bar, and each beat is a crotchet (1 beat note) and each beat can be divided into 2.
This instrument belongs to the percussion family and is played with sticks or brushes. This drum can act as two different instruments - a side drum and a snare drum.
The highest range of female voice.
A Scottish dance with four beats in a bar and usually featuring the Scotch snap.
A jazz style which started in the 1930s and was performed by a big band. The numbers and types of instruments in the big bands increased during this period.
Strongly accented notes playing off or against the beat.
This instrument belongs to the percussion family. A wooden or plastic frame has pairs of metal jingles attached and is mostly played by the hand striking or shaking the instrument.
The highest male voice
A B A - 3 part form: Section A, followed by a B section which is a different melody, than a return to the A section.
Theme and Variation
The structure of a piece where the melody is heard (the theme), then returns several times with variations.
A drum with skin stretched across a large bowl. It was traditionally made of copper, but is more commonly now made of fibreglass.
This is a piece of metal in the shape of a triangle, open at one corner, and struck with a metal beater. It is an untuned percussion instrument, as it cannot play a range of notes.
This is the only brass instrument that has a slide instead of valves. Air vibrates through a player's lips, into a mouthpiece which is connected to the instrument.
The smallest and highest brass instrument in the brass family. Air vibrates through a player's lips, into a mouthpiece which is connected to the instrument.
A rhythmic accompaniment with a bass note played on the beat and a chord off the beat. Usually played on piano or guitar.
Verse and Chorus
A structure/ form popular in many songs. The music of the verse will repeat, often with different words, and between verses the chorus will normally repeat and features different music to the verse.
This instrument belongs to the string family. It is the smallest and highest pitched instrument in the string family. It can be played with a bow.
A band with woodwind, brass and percussion instruments.
This instrument belongs to the percussion family. The wooden bars are laid out in a similar pattern to the piano and are played with beaters.
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