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Terms in this set (78)
the Pilgrims' settlement, named by Captain John Smith; located in the Cape Cod area of Massachusetts; they'd escaped from religious persecution in England.
English Civil War
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
A document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government.
Puritan leader who became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony.
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism
Fundamental Articles of New Haven
established a Bible-based government even stricter than Massachusetts Bay.
Conflict between English settlers and Pequot Indians over control of land and trade in eastern Connecticut
Captain John Mason
Granted land north of Massachusetts Bay colony that eventually became New Hampshire.
the last Dutch colonial administrator of New Netherland
a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul
Laws passed by the British to control colonial trade
New York Colony
a colony that was taken from the Dutch and set up by George Carteret
a place founded by William Penn where all people ,regardless of race or religion, were treated fairly
Dominion of New England
headed by Sir Edmund Andros, imposed by London to enforce English Navigation Laws
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Jamestown winter of 1609 and 1610
the Algonquian language of the Powhatan people
house of burgesses
The first official legislative assembly in the Colonies
colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted
Governor William Berkeley
the longtime autocratic governor of the Virginia colony in the 1600's
the great migration
The movement of more than 20,000 people from England to Massachusetts between 1629 and 1640.
Church of England
Protestant church led by the king of England, independent of Catholic Church; tended toward Catholicism during reign of Catholic royalty
Governor of Plymouth Colony
English Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620
people who seperated from the Church of England
Native American who helped with relation between the natives and the Pilgrims.
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Fundamental orders of CT
first true government or constitution in colony Connecticut
American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
Cromwell dies and Charles II takes the throne
The Indian Tribe that first encountered the Pilgram colonists in New England
Sir George Carteret
One of the men that the King of England gave New Jersey.
charters of liberty
the document that gave the treaty and laws/rules; said people were free not serfs.
two treatises on government
book publish by John Locke, set forth idea that people have certain rights and the government is formed to protect those rights, life liberty property, he believed people were justified in rebelling if this was violated
founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe; settled by debtors and unfortunates; border between Spanish Florida and the Carolinas; religious toleration to all Protestant Christians but not Catholics; first proprietary than royal
Bloodless overthrow of King James II that ended the Dominion and established William and Mary as the new leaders.
Island colony founded by Sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously disappeared in the 1580s
A joint-stock company: based in Virginia in 1607: founded to find gold and a water way to the Indies: comfirmed all Englishmen that they would have the same life in the New World, as they had in England, with the same rights: 3 of their ships transported the people that would found Jamestown in 1607.
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
A colony under the direct control of a monarch
Maryland Toleration Act
Act that was passed in Maryland that guaranteed toleration to all Christians, regardless of sect but not to those who did not believe in the divinity of Jesus. Though it did not sanction much tolerance, the act was the first seed that would sprout into the first amendment, granting religious freedom to all.
a planter who led a rebellion with one thousand other Virginians in 1676; the rebels were mostly frontiersmen forced toward the backcountry in search of fertile land
group from England who wanted to purify, or reform, the Church of England
Puritan extremists who wanted every congregation to be autonomous
a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church
government run by religious leaders
The idea that faith alone (not good deeds) is necessary for salvation.
The English set up bases on the small island of Barbados to raid Spanish shipping.
Sugar cultivation became and important crop on the island. Sugar cultivation and harvesting was back- breaking labor intensive work that indentured servants were set to do.
Plantation masters in Barbados were known for working their servants to death.
King philip's war
a war between the Puritan colonies and Native Americans in 1675-1676
Protestant reformers who believe in the equality of all people
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Had a constitution called the Fundamental Constitution for Carolina made with the help of John Locke in 1669. The northern and southern parts developed differently. The north did not import many slaves and had no aristocracy. The south was more prosperous and had an aristocratic society.
rebellion in Maryland against the authoritarian policies of the Calvert family
Jacob Leisler seized control of lower New York from 1689 to 1691. The uprising, which occurred in the midst of Britain's "Glorious Revolution," reflected colonial resentment against the policies of King James II. Royal authority was restored in 1691 by British troop
atlantic trading system
A three triangle trading system on which Africa, Europe, North America, and the West Indies depended on
Unique language created by blacks that combined English with other African dialects.
Dominion of New England
1686 - The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). The Dominion ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros.
a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws
Rev. Cotton Mather
minister, part of Puritan New England important families, a sholar, one of first americans to pemote vaccination of smallpox when it was believed to be dangerous, strongly believed on witches, encouraged witch trials in salem
First Great Awakening
Religious revival movement during the 1730s and 1740s; its leaders were George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards; religious pluralism was promoted by the idea that all Protestant denominations were legitimate.
One of the preachers of the great awakening (key figure of "New Light"); known for his talented voice inflection and ability to bring many a person to their knees.
A philosophical movement which started in Europe in the 1700's and spread to the colonies. It emphasized reason and the scientific method. Writers of the enlightenment tended to focus on government, ethics, and science, rather than on imagination, emotions, or religion. Many members of the Enlightenment rejected traditional religious beliefs in favor of Deism, which holds that the world is run by natural laws without the direct intervention of God.
Rev. George Burroughs
was a congregational minister of the Salem Village that was accused in the Salem witchcraft trials. He was not even present for awhile before the girl accused him of bewitching her, nor did she even know him. He was charged from people who were his enemies from previous congregations on accounts of also being able to handle a musket with only his finger which was supposedly unusual strength. Significance: he was the only minister to be accused and also was able to recite the Lords prayer fully which was something you weren't supposed to be able to do if you were a witch, making things questionable and which made people doubt if there were real witches which made this incident help end witchcraft hysteria.
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade
French Protestants. The Edict of Nantes (1598) freed them from persecution in France, but when that was revoked in the late 1700s, hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled to other countries, including America.
A plant used to make valuable blue dye
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Sir Edmond Andros
Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1686 until 1692, when the colonists rebelled and forced him to return to England.
owners of large farms with many workers who lived on the land they worked on and were slaves
economic system stretching throughout the Americas that produced crops, especially sugar, cotton, and tobacco, using slave labor on large estates
Founded by John Wesley during Romantic movement. Emphasized emotion in Christianity and Christian perfection
Ministers who took part in the revivalist, emotive religious tradition pioneered by George Whitefield during the Great Awakening.
Workers receieved immigration passage in return for many years of labor. Led to harsh and sometimes brutal treatment.
laws in the southern states that controlled enslaved people
Ethnic group that had already relocated once before immigrating to America and settling largely on the Western forntier of the middle and southern colonies
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