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Art Appreciation Final
Terms in this set (64)
The Venus of Willendorf
A fertility figure
meaning they are block-like and rigid
Canon of proportion
a set of formula and measurements for sculpting.
sculptures that are carved into a flat surface and only seen from one side
In the Round
Sculptures that can be seen from all angles and stand on their own
Classical Greek Art emphasizes emotion vs. restraint
When a figure is putting most it's weight on one leg. Causes the S-curve
Refers to the perfect proportions of the body.
Characteristics of Hellenistic art
Drama and emotion
Roman death masks and molds
How the Romans made their portrait busts seem so realistic
Roman Coliseum facts
Used for gladiator battles, sacrifice animals, and execute criminals. Only 1/3 still standing due to earthquake and looting in the middle-ages
A type of early painting in which paint is applied to wet plaster
The giant Head of Constantine
More then 8' high and 8 tons. Large eyes are said to be looking to the Heavens and the future of Rome
Rome fell in 410 A.D.
Marked the beginning of the middle ages. Much building info and knowledge was lost or destroyed.
What sparked the Renaissance?
focus on logic separate from religion
How did the Medici family gain control of the Church?
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
Realism, biblical and mythological themes
Brunneleschi - dome of Florence Cathedral
Built it without scaffolding or support
Brunelleschi - perspective
created a system to make objects look 3-dimensional
the first life-size bronze since ancient Rome
Botticelli - Birth of Venus
Controversial because it used the goddess of love to celebrate human desire
A radical monk who despised the Medici family because he felt they were leading people away from Church teachings.
Bonfire of the Vanities
A public burning of cosmetics, wigs, fancy clothes, art, etc. organized by Savanorola
Da Vinci's Mona Lisa
Innovative in it's time because it contained the hands, a landscape, and she was facing the viewer.
Da Vinci - Last Supper
In bad condition because steam from a kitchen and he experimented
Michelangelo's - David
Represents people of Florence vs. Medici family
Michelangelo - Sistine Chapel
Depicts the Old Testament; viewed it as an insult because he considered himself a sculptor only
Raphael's - School of Athens"
characteristics of Baroque art
Arranged, chairo scuro, and single light source
A very dark background with objects in light
Caravaggio's contradictory personality.
He was a violent man, but painted religious paintings
What looks artificial about Caravaggio's "Judith" painting
Judith is holding the sword awkwardly and it does not seem convincing.
What seems more convincing about Gentileschi's "Judith" painting?
It was much more graphic and the movement seemed real
Happy Accidents of the Swing
Common French citizens were outraged because it showed the frivolous nature of rich pursuits
David's Oath of the Horatii
Metaphor for loyalty to France
What caused Goya to change his subject matter?
He was quarantined for an unknown illness which left him deaf; When Goya became ill the French wanted to take over Spain and kill many Spanish peasants, so this made Goya think about the inhumanity of man.
How did advent of the camera affect Impressionists?
They could photograph something and then use their own painting skills to create texture, color, and mood that the camera could not.
characteristics of Impressionism?
Smaller scale, focused on light and color, done outdoors
Monet - Rouen Cathedral
Painted it in different weather, at different times of day, and different times of year to show the effect color has on mood
Monet's "Impression" Sunrise
Caused a newspaper critic to coin the term Impression, used as an insult
Seurat - Optical Blending
dots of color are mixed with the eye
Paul Cezanne - "father of modern painting"
painted from many angles at once
factors that limited Van Gogh from becoming a recognized artist.
Mental illness, little income, could not sell art
Van Gogh - the first expressive painter
He painted how he felt
The 1913 Armory Show.
show modern art from Europe
Salvador Dali; derived from dreams and psychology
Dada - found objects
What 3 things did the Dadaist artist find senseless?
Degenerate Art Exhibit
Kahlo - two Frida's
Grant wood - Regionalism
Pollock - Abstract Expressionism
Warhol - Marilyns
Minimalism - Judd
Site Specific - Lightning Field
Feminism - dinner party
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