FULL Lis3267 exam 3 review
Terms in this set (48)
What is foia?
"freedom of information act" is a law that gives you the right to access information from the federal government. It is often described as the laws that keeps citizens in the know about their government.
"Rights for Authors and Creators"
Under intellectual property law, owners are
granted certain exclusive rights to a variety
of intangible assets, such as
- musical, literary, and artistic works
- discoveries and inventions;
- words, phrases, symbols, and designs.
Which government agency is in charge of intellectual property?
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
is the government body
responsible for granting the rights associated
with these products.
Provide two examples of intellectual capital related to information policy
the recipe to coke a cola, known by the human capital. The way a certain company. The way a company organizes its database.
. What are patents?
A patent is a monopoly granted to a rights
holder in exchange for disclosure of the
design of a novel, useful, and non obvious
What are trademarks?
Trademarks are words, names,
symbols, or devices used by owners to
identify their goods and services as
distinct from those of others
What are copyrights?
Is the legal protection for works of authorship,
covering everything from books to
choreography to architecture.
What do they cover?
Copyright covers expressions of ideas, not
For how long?
Copyright now extends for 70 years past the
lifetime of the creator, 96 years for corporate
works for hire
What is the issue with Mickey Mouse and copyrights?
The Mickey Mouse corperation changes the copyright laws, through lobbyist, every time their copyright is about to expire. Years of extension have been added to copyright laws because of Disney.
5. How many types of patents are there?
3. Utility, Design, Plant
Issued for the invention of a new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or a new and useful improvement thereof, it generally permits its owner to exclude others from making, using, or selling the invention for a period of up to twenty years from the date of patent
a design patent is a form of legal protection granted to the ornamental design of a functional item
A plant patent is granted by the Government to an inventor who has invented or discovered and asexually reproduced a distinct and new variety of plant,
Give examples of the type of things that are covered by trademarks.
Trademark law applies to the use of words, phrases, symbols, slogans and other to identify the source or sponsorship of goods or services.
What are information standards?
Regulation to ensure safety, reliability
and interchangeability of goods and
What is the NISO?
non profit standards organization that identifies, develops, maintains, and publishes technical standards to manage information in our changing and ever-more
What kind of technologies are covered by NISO standards?
NISO standards apply both traditional and
new technologies to the full range of
information-related needs, including retrieval,
re-purposing, storage, metadata, and
What are some of the 15 core elements under the NISO Metadata Standard?
- title, creator, subject, description, date,
format, source, and other characteristics
that describe the nature and form of the
document, rather than its content
Which US Government branches and
institutions define information
standards? (Which ones are listed in
Davis, chapter 12?)
What does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has to do with the flow of information?
How has this been challenged? Where?
- Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and
expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions
without interference and to seek, receive and impart
information and ideas through any media and regardless of
frontiers. (Article 19)
• But this notion has been challenged around the world (pp.
What is Information Policy
Is the set of all public laws, regulations and policies that encourage, discourage, or regulate the creation, use,storage, access and communication and dissemination of information.
What can Information Policy do and how does it relate to what we do with information?
Coca Cola recipe and not letting out..
What are the 3 major areas of Information policy?
Economics of Information, Intellectual Property, Standardization and Flow of Information
Who is affected by intellectual property?
Individual, Government, and the Organization (stakeholders)
How would you, as information professional, and your work, be affected and influenced by
As an information professional I will constantly work under IP influences. Also depending on my work, and it's policy on intellectual policy I may or may not own my ideas.
Information: in the lecture, we talked about four different meanings for "information" which are
those? Which of these relates more closely to information policy?
Resource (relates more closely to information policy)
Perception of patterns
Issues with information have implications and ramifications in these broad areas of life (list 3)
economic, social, or security areas of life
What are the purposes of information policy?
protection of interests (assets) and to regulate process
What are some of the examples given in class of protection of interests?
confidentiality policies, rules for email and phone use
What can you do with information as a resource?
a resource that can be allocated, managed, and used by stakeholders, make decisions
What can you do with information as an asset? Why?
information as an asset can be managed and exploited to gain competitive advantage in market place
Why are policies developed and enacted?
in part so that there is an institution wide understanding of how information is to be used
When you as a student work for FSU, who owns the intellectual property of your creative work?
(do not go by what the professor said: look it up on the FSU website to answer)
FSU owns the intellectual property of your creative work.
What are patent trolls?
A patent troll is when a company has control over a patent for certain products but doesn't actually make products; they wait for other companies to infringe on their rights and sue them.
How could they affect you or your organization?
If I get a job working in the IT department of a company who gets sued for software patent infringement I could be out of a job, depending my part on the coding writing and such. I can use a simple feature that someone may have already stubbed the rights to
Creative Commons: What type of organization is it? What does it do?
non-for profit organization that gives everyone a simple, standardized way to grant copy right permissions to their creative work.
What is the mission of the Creative Commons? (How does it relates to your profession?)
enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools.
How much does it cost to use CC licenses?
Are the CC licenses an alternative to copyright?
Creative Commons Licenses
How many are there?
Can you name them all?
a. Attribution CC BY
b. Attribution-NoDerivs C BY-ND
c. Attribution-Non-Commercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA
d. Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA
e. Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC
f. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CCBY-NC-ND
Can you describe/explain each of them?
a. Attribution (CC BY)
i. Basically any can use/remake your work to their liking as long as you are credited for the original work.
b. Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)
i. You must be credited and no changes are allowed to be made to your work; can distribute commercially and non .
c. Attribution-Non-Commercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)
i. Others can edit and mashup your work non-commercially as long as you get credit and they publish under same terms
d. Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
i. Others can edit and mashup your works commercially as long as you get credit and they publish under same terms.
e. Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)
i. Others may edit and tweak ur music, there new work must credit you and be noncommercial but doesn't have but don't have to license under exact same terms.
f. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CCBY-NC-ND)
i. Most restrictive of all the licenses; others can't change your work or use them commercially. Others can only download your work and share them as long as they give you credit
Do you recognize the symbols?
Which ones let you remix?
CC BY, CC BY-NC-SA, CC BY-NC, CC BY-SA
Which one is more restrictive? More accommodating?
Do you know which one to use under specific circumstances? (case studies, examples)