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ESSENTIAL OBJECTIVE 1, PART A
THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
The ruling agreement signed by the settlers of Plymouth, including Pilgrims and others.
A colony under the direct control of the English monarch.
A colony given to businessmen by the English monarch in exchange for yearly payments.
To completely circle the earth.
The first English settlement in the Western Hemisphere. It struggled for several years before becoming successful.
The phrase used to describe the route and trip by which African slaves were brought to the Western Hemisphere.
The mythical waterway thought to connect Europe to Asia through or around the Americas.
The freedom to practice one's own religious beliefs without consequences.
To punish someone for their religious beliefs.
The global exchange of goods, ideas, people and diseases resulting from the encounter between the people of the Western and Eastern Hemispheres.
Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Western Hemisphere.
Someone who attempts to spread their religious beliefs to other groups of people.
A legal document giving permission to a person or company to set up a colony.
The ruling legislative body for Great Britain.
English settlers who sought religious freedom in North America.
Sir Walter Raleigh
English explorer/privateer who established England's first American settlements - the failed Roanoke and then Jamestown.
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Portuguese explorer who reached the Philippines and whose ship first circumnavigated the world
A Pilgrim and governor of the Plymouth colony. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
an ongoing competition between exploring nations.
Colony settled by the Pilgrims in 1620. It eventually merged with Massachusetts Bay colony.
First permanent English settlement in North America