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U.S History Unit 6
Terms in this set (67)
Where did the United States policy of neutrality and isolation in the 1920s and 1930s originate?
Republicans feared the effects of world war one, so after that.
What was the economic cause leading to the rise of Nazism in Germany in the 1930s?
The Great Depression
What were two causes that brought about World War II?
treaty of versailles, fascism, and the great depression.
What does appeasement mean?
The policy of giving into the demands of an aggressor in exchange for peace. The British and French willingness to utilize this policy instead of fighting demonstrated its shortcomings prior to World War II.
Who were the three major axis powers? The three major allied powers?
Axis: Germany, Italy, and Japan
Allied: Great Britain, Soviet Union, and the US.
What event sparked American entry into World War II?
the bombing of pearl harbor.
How did World War II change the lives of millions of American women?
Men go to war, so the women had to work in factories.
What happened to many Japanese- Americans during World War II?
They were placed in interminate camps because they seemed like they were threats.
What was the turning point in the war against the Japanese?
Battle of Midway
Why was the Allied invasion of Normandy (D-Day) so important?
forced Germany into a two front war
What was the Manhattan Project?
forming of the atomic bomb which was top secret
Why did the United states feel it necessary to use the atomic bombs on Japan?
1) it would be wasteful to not use it, they sent 2 billion dollars on it.
2.) It would be more effective by saving time and lives.
3) It would send message to allie- soviet union.
Why did the United States follow a different approach to its entry to world war II versus World War 1?
We were directly attacked during world war II, instead of indirectly like World War I.
Why was germany percieved to be the greater threat during world war II?
1) because the success of Blitzkrieg and gaining the control of Europe.
2) Hitlers belief in social hierachy and willingness to get rid of the "big threats."
What effects would America's use of the atomic bomb have on the post- war world?
Help contribute to the evolution of the cold war.
Location in northern France where over 300,000 allied troops escaped from Axis control in June 1940. Due to convoys of Allied ships the troops were able to escape across the English Channel to safety.
Name given to the puppet government established in France shortly after the fall of Paris in July 1940. This government remained loyal to Hitler until the liberation of France in June of 1944.
Agreement reached in 1938 dealing with the future territorial boundaries of Czechoslovakia. The Sudetenland was returned to Germany in exchange for a promise to stop any future territorial aggression by Nazi Germany.
British Prime minister associated with the Munich Pact and succumbing to the demands of Hitler prior to the start of World War II
German word meaning "lightning war." This tactic was introduced by Germany during World War II that greatly emphasized the use of new technologies. This new strategy was extremely successful during the early parts of world war II.
A political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race about the individual. Typically a centralized autocratic government is headed by a dictatorial leader with severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.
American effort to help supply the allied powers during World War II against the aggressions of the axis powers. Over 50 billion dollars of American supplies were lent to Great Britain, France, China, and the Soviet Union.
The building up of armed strength with the willingness to use this force to achieve a tangible goal.
Italian fascist leader from 1925 to 1945 nicknamed II Duce meaning the leader, known for his brutal policies.
American physicist who headed the Manhattan Project in World War II to develop the first atomic bomb.
German leader of the national socialist party from 1933-1945 who rose to power by promoting racist and nationalist views.
Leader of the Soviet Union, worked with roosevelt and churchill during World War II but afterwards became an aggressive participant in the Cold War.
Leader of Great Britain before and during World War II. He was a powerful speechmaker who rallied Allied morale during the war.
American general and later president who headed Allied forces in World War II in Europe.
British prime minister prior to churchill who succumbed to Hitler's demands through appeasement.
United States general and leaded of US forces in the Pacific during World War II.
33rd President of the US who authorized use of the atomic bomb on Japan.
American naval commander who guided United States to victory in the Pacific over Japan.
Chester W. Nimitz
Leader of Japan during World War II. Served as both war minister and later prime minister during the war. Following World War II he was executed.
What was the purpose of the Stimson Doctrine?
We would not recognize tempton of that are acquired throughout the use of force.
What did Jesse Owens do to upset Adolph Hitler?
He won 4 field gold medals in track at Berlin Olypics against his "arayan nature" which opposed his belief.
Why did Britain and France do nothing about Germany's violation of the Treaty of Versailles?
Supported appeasement- utilized it.
Depression- facing effects of it.
Isolation policies- embraced it.
Hitler's 3 biggest mistakes: Read page 122 again!
Dunkirk, battle of britian, and invasion of soviet union.
Why did Hitler go to Africa first?
Wanted to secure access to middle eastern oil.
Who did Hitler target? Read page 124 again!
Jews, Gypsies, the disabled, slavic peoples, political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, communists, socialists, Jehovah's witnesses and homosexuals.
What was the significance of Auschwitz?
Largest amount of jews killed in a single spot.
What was the significance of Pearl Harbor?
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, by the Japanese Imperial Navy was of significant importance because it ignited the fury of the United States' entrance into World War II. The following day, December 8, 1945, the United States declared war on Japan
What was significant about the battle of midway?
The Importance of the Battle of Midway. The Battle of Midway was a turning point in the Pacific War. Before the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7-8 May 1942, the Imperial Navy of Japan had swept aside all of its enemies from the Pacific and Indian oceans
What was the influence of island hopping in world war II?
From June 1942 the US continually pushed the Japanese back across the Pacific, reclaiming territory they had taken. They utilized an island hopping strategy: Leapfrogging, or island hopping, was a military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II.
Any US citizen who was Japanese, German, etc., were put there so they could not rise against the US were sent to camps with basic civil liberties denied but they were fed, no deaths, and were not tortured.
What was the influence of Yamamoto on Japan Navy? Read page 126 again!
The battle which halted the Japanese advance on Australia, was fought amoung opposing aircraft.
The U.S. victory at this island limited Japan's ability to conduct an offensive war and gave Americans a foothold in the central pacific.
The american victory at this island guaranteed that the Japanese would not disrupt US- Australian shipping lanes.
During the US offensive on this island, as many as 100,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, several thousand jumped of cliffs rather than surrender.
MacArthur's forces won the battle here and effectively destroyed all that remained of the Japanese imperial fleet.
Battle here gave US access to airstrips it could utilize in bombing missions over Japan late in war.
Why did the United States utilize an island hopping campaign in the pacific against japan? Explain and discuss the rationale.
(look at pic on phone)
Invasion of Czech
demonstrated policy of appeasement would not work with Hitler
Invasion of poland
introduced the world to Hitler's blitzkreig and serced as the opening event of world war II.
Battle of Britain
One of Hitler's major mistakes in world war II. The german luftwaffe lost more than 2,000 planes during this 6 month battle.
Invasion of soviet union
This battle served as the major turning point in the European theater of war. this event proved to be another of Hitler's major mistakes.
Event that sparked american entry into world war II, United states naval headquarters were decimated early on sunday morning.
Battle of Coral Sea
Battle taking place in the southern pacific, this battle prevented a Japanese invasion of Australia and served as the first battle that Japan did not win in the early war period.
Battle of Midway
The turning point in the Pacific theater of war, the Japanese lost 4 aircraft carriers at this battle in the central pacific.
One of the largest battles in the European theater of war, 3 million men invaded the coast of Northern France forcing the Germans into a 2-front war in Europe.
Battle of Bulge
Served as the last major offensive offered by Germany in World War II, failure at this battle ensure the invasion of Germany and eventual taking of berlin.
Battle of Iwo Jima
one of the most violent battles in the pacific, the united states attained 3 airfields at this battle needed to continually bomb the Japanese mainland.
Symbolized the allied victory in Europe with the surrender of Germany thus ending the war in Europe.
Symbolized the allied victory in the pacific after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki thus ending the war against Japan.
review crossword puzzle
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