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19 terms

Chapter 18

Classification
STUDY
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Taxonomy
scientists classify organisms & assign each organism a universally accepted name
Binomial nomenclature
two word naming system creating by Carolus Linnaeus
Genus
group of closely related species
Taxon
each taxonomic category in the naming system
Family
consists of genera that share many characteristics
Order
broad taxonomic category composed of similar families
Class
taxonomic category composed of similar orders
Phylum
taxonomic category composed of similar classes
Kingdom
the largest of all taxonomic categories
Domain
a taxonomic category larger than a Kingdom- there are three of these
bacteria
unicelluar and prokaryotic organisms
Eubacteria
a kingdom that is found in the Bacteria domain
Archae
domain that includes unicellular & prokaryotic organisms, live in extreme environments
Archaebacteria
a kingdom that is found in the Archae domain
Eukarya
domain that consists of all organisms that have a nucleus
Protista
kingdom that is composed of eukaryotic organisms that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi
Fungi
kingdom that are heterotrophs that feed on dead or decaying organic matter
Plantae
kingdom that contain multicellular organisms that are photosynthetic autotrophs
animalia
kingdom that contain multicellular and heterotrophic organisms