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297 terms

SAT words

tutor work
STUDY
PLAY
Aberration
an abnormality
(Anomaly)
Abstinence
the giving up of certain pleasures
(Abstemious)
Abstract
not applied or practical / hard to understand
NOUN: a summary
Acclaim
applause, approval
(Accolade, Approbation, Plaudit, Adulation, Encomium)
VERB: (Extol, Laud)
Acquiesce
to give in
(Concede, Capitulate)
Admonish
to warn/ to scold
Advocate
to support
NOUN: someone who supports something
Aesthetic
showing an appreciation of beauty in nature or art/ artistic
Affinity
natural attraction/ connection
(Proclivity, Propensity, Predilection, Penchant)
Aggrandizement
an increase in wealth, rank, or power
Alienate
to estrange
Alleviate
to make easier
(Ameliorate, Mitigate, Assuage, Palliate)
Aloof
snobby
(Pretentious, Pompous, Supercilious)
Altruistic
kind + generous
(Philanthropic, Benevolent, Magnanimous)
Ambiguous
not clear
Ambivalence
undecided
(Indifferent, Disinterested, Apathetic)
Ameliorate
to make better
(Alleviate*)
Analogous
similar/ comparable
Animosity
hatred
(Acrimony, Rancor, Enmity)
Anonymity
being nameless or unknown
Antagonism
hostility, active opposition
(*Acrimony, Animosity, Rancor, Enmity)
Antithesis
direct opposite
(Antithetical)
Apocryphal
fake
(Fallacious, Spurious)
Arduous
strenuous, hard to do
Articulate
able to put ones thoughts into words easily and clearly (Eloquent)
VERB: to speak distinctly (Enunciate)
Assuage
to calm or soothe (Alleviate)
to satisfy (Placate, Pacify, Mollify)
Atrophy
to shrink
Augment
to increase or enlarge
Austere
stern or strict
Authoritarian
dictator (Despot, Tyrant, Demagogue, Martinet)
ADJECTIVE: (Draconian, Stringent)
Autonomy
independence, self government
Aversion
strong or fixed dislike (Antipathy)
Belittle
to make fun of (Demean, Denigrate, Disparage)
Bequeath
to leave money or property by a will, to pass along
Bizarre
strikingly odd in appearance (Grotesque, Distorted, Weird)
Blithe
unreasonably optimistic
Bombastic
marked by use of language without much real meaning (Boasting, empty promises)
Buffoon
a clown, someone who amuses
Cache
a hiding place, something hidden
Cacophony
harsh sound
Cajole
to persuade by pleasant words; coax
Callous
unfeeling; insensitive
(Boorish, Jaded)
Capitulate
to surrender; to cease resisting
(Acquiesce*, Concede)
Capricious
changeable; fickle
(Impetuous, Impulsive)
Carping
complaining; bitching
(Captious, Querulous)
Catalyst
someone or something that brings about a change
Catharsis
an emotional purification or relief or release
"Yes, finally!"
Caustic
stinging; biting OR sarcastic
(Acerbic) OR (Sardonic)
Celestial
having to do with the stars+the heavens OR divine (Ethereal)
Censure
to criticize adversely/publicly
Chastise
to criticize severely
(Castigate, Deprecate, Excoriate)
Chimerical
totally unrealistic
(Quixotic)
Chronic
lasting a long time
Circumspect
careful
Clairvoyant
having exceptional insight
(Prescient, Incisive, Perspicacious)
Clandestine
secret
(Covert)
Clemency
mercy OR mildness
Coalesce
to grow together OR to combine
Colloquial
conversational; used in informal speech
Commiserate
to sympathize with
Compatible
agreeing
Composure
Calmness
(Equanimity, Serenity, Tranquility)
Conciliatory
apologetic
Concise
saying much in few words
(Succinct, Pithy, Terse)
Condone
to forgive or overlook
Conspicious
clearly visible; remarkable
(Overt, Flagrant, Blatant)
Copious
abundant
Corroborate
to confirm
(Substantiate, Verify, Validate,)
Crass
rude
(Churlish, Insolent, Impudent, Impertinent)
Criterion
standard for judging SINGULAR
Cryptic
having a secret meaning
(Enigmatic, Inscrutable)
Cursory
without attention to details
(Perfunctory, Desultory)
Dearth
shortage
(Paucity)
ANTONYMS (Plethora, Profusion, Surfeit)
Debilitate
to weaken
(Enervate)
Decadence
corruption
Deference
great respect
Deflate
to let the air out of OR to reduce in size or importance
Delineate
to describe thoroughly in words OR to sketch briefly
Demeanor
behavior/personality
Denunciation
expression of strong disapproval made openly or publicly
(*Censure, Denounce)
Deprecate
to express strong disapproval of
(*Chastise, Excoriate, Castigate)
Derogatory
tending to lower in estimation; degrading
(Derogate=Belittle)
Desecrate
to treat with disrespect
Despot
ruler with unlimited power
(Demagogue, Martinet, Authoritarian)
Deter
to keep someone from doing something
Devious
Tricky OR Indirect
Devoid
entirely without; lacking
Diatribe
bitter verbal attack
(Tirade, Harangue)
Didactic
teaching a lesson
Diffuse
spread out
Diminution
a lessening
Discerning
keenly perspective
(Clairvoyant, Insightful, Prescient, Perspicacious)
Disdain
a feeling of contempt; scorn
Dismantle
to pull down/ take apart
Disparage
(Belittle, Demean, Derogate, Denigrate)
Disparity
lack of equality; difference
Disperse
to send off in different directions
Disposition
nature; tendency
(Demeanor)
Dissipated
indulging excessively in sensual pleasures
(Decadent, Debauched, Wanton, Immoral)
Distraught
very upset
Dogmatic
(Authoritarian, Stringent, Draconian)
Dormant
in a state of rest
(Somnolent)
Duplicity
deceitfulness
(Chicanery, Guile)
Ebb
to decline/decrease
(Diminish)
Eclectic
consisting of selections from various sources
(Heterogeneous, Disparate, Variegated, Motley)
Efface
to wipe out/erase
(Expunge, Extirpate, Expurgate)
Effervescent
lively OR giving off bubbles/carbonated
(Ebullient, Effusive, Exuberant)
Egregious
very bad
(Heinous, Odious, Fulsome)
Elucidate
to make clear
Elusive
hard to grasp OR baffling
Embellish
to decorate OR to elaborate upon
Embroil
to involve in a quarrel
Emulate
to try to equal or surpass
Enervate
to weaken
(Debilitate)
Engender
to cause/produce/bring into being
Enhance
to add to OR to make greater in value
(Augment OR Embellish)
Enigma
a puzzle, a baffling situation
(Conundrum, Labyrinth, Quandary)
Ephemeral
lasting for a short time
(Evanescent, Fleeting, Transient, Transitory)
Equanimity
evenness of temper
(Composure)
Equivocate
to use double meanings in order to mislead
Esoteric
understood by only a select few
(Arcane, Recondite)
Eulogy
high praise for a person (usually deceased)
Euphemism
use of an indirect expression in place of one that is harsh
Evanescent
gradually disappearing
(Fleeting, Ephemeral)
Exacerbate
to make a situation worse
(Irritate, Aggravate, Provoke)
Exemplary
serving as a model, perfect
(Quintessential, Consummate)
Expedient
useful, advantageous
Expedite
to make easy and quick, to speed up
Expunge
to remove completely
(Efface*)
Extol
to praise highly
(Laud, Acclaim, Adulate)
Facilitate
to make easier and better
(*Expedite)
Fallacy
false idea
(Fallacious=Apocryphal, Spurious, Erroneous)
Fastidious
particular, fussy about details
(Meticulous)
Fervor
intense emotion
(Ferver=Strongly felt, Ardent, Vehement)
Fitful
stopping and starting
(Spasmodic, Intermittent, Sporadic, Episodic)
Flagrant
obvious
(*Conspicuous)
Fledgling
newly developed OR an inexperienced person
(Nascent, Novel, Embryonic, Incipient OR Novice)
Forlorn
left alone and neglected, sad
(Morose, Bereft, Lugubrious, Sullen)
Formidable
challenging, to be dreaded
(Daunting)
Fortuitous
random
(Haphazard)
Furtive
sneaky
(Surreptitious, Stealthy)
Galvanize
to arouse suddenly, to startle into action
Garbled
confused, mixed up
Garner
to gather, to collect
Garrulous
talkative
(Voluble, Loquacious)
Gratuitous
unnecessary, uncalled for
(Officious)
Guile
deceit
(Duplicity*, Chicanery)
Gullible
easily deceived
(Naive, Credulous, Ingenuous)
Hackneyed
used too often, ordinary
(Trite, Prosaic, Mundane, Banal, Pedestrian)
Haphazard
not planned, random
(Fortuitous)
Hedonist
one who lives solely for pleasure
(Hedonistic=Immoral, Decadent, Debauched, Wanton)
Heretic
a person who holds an unpopular belief
Hierarchy
organization by rank, class, or grade
Homogeneous
similar, uniform in nature
Hyperbole
an exaggerated statement used as a figure of speech
"He's as big as a horse"
Hypocritical
insincere, pretending to be what one is not
(Hypocrite=Charlatan, Impostor)
Hypothetical
assumed, supposed, inferential
Iconoclast
a person who attacks cherished beliefs or established institutions
Immaterial
irrelevant
Imminent
about to occur
Eminent
important, respected
Immutable
never changing
Impartial
showing no favoritism
(Unbiased, Dispassionate)
Impassive
without feeling or emotion
Imperturbable
not easily excited, disturbed, or upset
(Composed*, Phlegmatic, Serene)
Implausible
not having the appearance of truth or reason, not believable
Inadvertent
not done on purpose
(Unintended)
Incipient
in an early stage
(Fledgling*)
Incisive
keen, penetrating
(Discerning*, Clairvoyant)
Incongruous
out of place
Incontrovertible
undeniable, not able to be disrupted
(Indubitable, Irreproachable, Irrefutable, Unassailable, Unimpeachable)
Above Reproach
can't be criticized
Adroit
skilled
(Deft, Facile, Adept)
Onerous
burdensome
Nefarious
evil
Byzantine
complex
(Convoluted)
Treacly
sickeningly sweet OR sentimental
(Saccharine, Cloying)
Prosaic
ordinary
(Mundane, Banal, Trite, Hackneyed, Pedestrian)
Petulant
acting like a spoiled brat
Credence
believable
(Currency)
Palpable
touchable OR solid
Diaphanous
transparent, sheer
Dilettante
not very serious amateur
Profligate
wasteful
Hiatus
vacation, period of rest
(Respite)
Perfidy
disloyal
(Sedition, Infidelity, Treachery)
Indigence
poverty
(Penury, Destitution)
Tirade
bitter verbal attack
(Diatribe, Harangue)
Dispassionate
calm, free from emotion
(Impartial)
Meticulous
very careful, thorough
Irrepressible
enthusiastic
Negligible
hardly noticeable
Vicarious
experienced through the observation of someone else
Anxious
upset
Opaque
not see-through
Sycophant
kiss up
(Toady)
Corpulent
fat, obese
(Stout)
Succulent
juicy
Redolent
pleasant smelling
(Aromatic)
Histrionic
dramatic, theatrical
Imperious
snobby
(Pretentious, Aloof)
Convivial
friendly, fun
Solicitous
kind, generous
(Altruistic)
Decorous
polite
Contentious
argumentative
Auspicious
promising something good
Trifle (with)
to mess with
Explicate
explain
Ineffable
can't be expressed in words
Deleterious
very harmful
(Pernicious, Inimical)
Indictment
accusation
Connoisseur
expert
Implement
tool
Artisan
craftsman
Pedant
smart person, but a know-it-all
Philistine
narrow-minded
(Parochial, Provincial, Sectarian)
Paragon
perfect example
(Paradigm, Exemplar)
Incorrigible
too firmly fixed to be reformed or changed
Indefatigable
tireless
Indigent
poverty-stricken
(Impecunious)
Ingratiate
kiss up
(Pander)
Innocuous
harmless
Inscrutable
(Enigmatic, Cryptic)
Insipid
boring OR bland
Insurgent
one who rises in revolt
(Renegade, Maverick, Dissident, Insurrectionist)
Intemperate
lacking in self-control
Intractable
hard to control
(Recalcitrant, Obdurate, Intransigent, Obstinate)
Irrefutable
cannot be disproved
(Incontrovertible)
Irrelevant
not relating
(Immaterial)
Jargon
the specialized vocabulary of members of a group
(Nomenclature, Lexicon, Vernacular)
Judicious
showing sound judgment
(Prudent)
Kindle
to arouse or inspire OR to catch fire
(Engender)
Labyrinth
a maze OR something perplexing
(Enigma, Conundrum)
Lackluster
having no shine OR lacking liveliness
Laconic
brief or terse in speech, using few words
(Taciturn, Reticent, Reserved, Diffident)
Lampoon
strong satirical writing OR to belittle
Lassitude
weariness, being tired
Latent
present but invisible but inactive OR lying hidden and undeveloped
Laudable
worthy of praise
(Exemplary, Quintessential, Consummate)
Lethargic
drowsy, dull, sluggish
(Torpid, Listless, Enervated, Languid, Indolent)
Levity
lack of seriousness
(Felicity, Frivolity)
Listless
lacking energy or enthusiasm
(Lethargic)
Lucid
easily understood, rational, clear
Malicious
spiteful, intentionally mischievous or harmful
(Vindictive, Retaliatory)
Marred
injured, spoiled, damaged, disfigured
Meager
of poor quality or small amount
(Modest, Negligible)
Meandering
winding back and forth OR rambling, lacking focus
(Peripatetic, Discursive, Circuitous)
Meticulous
very careful about details
(Fastidious)
Mitigate
to make less severe
(Ameliorate, Alleviate, Palliate, Assuage)
Morose
gloomy, bad tempered
(Lugubrious, Sullen, Forlorn)
Nomenclature
(Jargon, Lexicon, Vernacular)
Nonchalance
lack of interest or concern
Obliterate
to destroy, to blot out leaving no traces
(Raze, Annihilate, Decimate)
Obscure
not clear or distinct, hidden, remote, not well known OR to conceal
(Nebulous)
Obsolete
out of date
(Antiquated, Archaic, Antediluvian)
Officious
giving unnecessary or unwanted advice or services
(Gratuitous)
Opportunist
one who takes advantage of any opportunity without regard for moral principles
Opulent
wealthy, abundant
(Sumptuous, Lavish, Extravagant)
Overt
obvious
(Conspicuous, Blatant, Flagrant)
Painstaking
very careful, diligent
(Assiduous, Sedulous)
Pariah
an outcast
Parsimonious
cheap
(Penurious, Miserly)
Partisan
showing a strong support for a party or cause
Paucity
scarcity, smallness in number or amount
(Dearth)
Peerless
having no equal, better than the rest
(Exemplary)
Perceptive
insightful
(Incisive, Prescient, Perspicacious, Discerning)
Perfidy
betrayal of trust
(Sedition, Treachery, Infidelity)
Peripheral
of secondary importance
(Incidental, Tangential)
Peruse
to study, to read carefully
(Scrutinize)
Philistine
narrow minded
(Parochial, Provincial, Sectarian)
Piety
devotion and reverence, especially to God
(Pious)
Pique
to hurt the feelings of or make resentful OR to arouse or excite
Placate
to soothe
(Mollify, Pacify)
Placid
peaceful, calm
Plagiarize
to take ideas or writings from someone else and present them as one's own
Platitude
a thought or remark that is dull, trite, flat or weak
(Adage, Aphorism, Cliché)
Pompous
self-important
(Aloof)
Ponderous
very heavy, bulky OR labored and dull or tiresome
Pragmatic
concerned with actual practice rather than theory or speculation
Preclude
to make impossible, to prevent, to shut out
(Deter, Stymie, Obviate, Thwart)
Precocious
having or showing more ability or knowledge than is usual at such a young age
Prestigious
honored
(Venerable, Revered, Lionized, Illustrious)
Pretentious
(Pompous, Supercilious, Aloof)
Procrastinate
to put off doing something until a later time
(Temporize)
Prodigious
enormous, extraordinary, marvelous, impressive
Profane
not connected with religion
Profusion
abundance
(Plethora)
Prolific
producing many offspring OR producing much
Propensity
natural leaning or tendency
(Affinity)
Provincial
narrow minded
(Philistine)
Prudent
careful or cautious
(Judicious)
Pugnacious
eager and ready to fight, quarrelsome
(Bellicose, Belligerent, Truculent)
Quandary
(Enigma)
Querulous
peevish, faultfinding
(Carping)
Quixotic
utterly impractical
(Chimerical)
Raconteur
a person skilled at telling stories or anecdotes
Rancor
spite or malice, strong hate
(Acrimony)