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With Anglican Church


group of puritans who broke from Anglican Church to form their own congregations

William Bradford

Led Pilgrims to New England; Put together the Mayfower Compact because they wanted to migrate to America to maintain english identity in 1620 and settled near cape cod


Native american confederation in coastal Mass. traded with mayflower and plymouth.

Mayflower Contract

Promised non-Puritans equal rights

John Winthrop

1630 first Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Led the Puritans to America w/ the Charter


a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)

Roger Williams

A dissenter who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island to the south

Ann Hutchinson

Expelled from the colony for questioning Puritan ministers teachings on pre-destination; preached "free grace"; went to RI

Thomas Hooker

Puritan minister; led settlers out of Massachusetts Bay because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.

William Penn

Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania

New Amsterdam

a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island

Pequot War

1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.

General court

a Puritan representative assembly elected by the freemen; they assisted the governor; this was the early form of Puritan democracy in the 1600's


A 6-by-6 mile area containing 36 sections each 1 mile square. A division of land in the rectangular survey method of land description.

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