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15 terms

Settling New England

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Non-seperatist
With Anglican Church
seperatists
group of puritans who broke from Anglican Church to form their own congregations
William Bradford
Led Pilgrims to New England; Put together the Mayfower Compact because they wanted to migrate to America to maintain english identity in 1620 and settled near cape cod
Wampanoag
Native american confederation in coastal Mass. traded with mayflower and plymouth.
Mayflower Contract
Promised non-Puritans equal rights
John Winthrop
1630 first Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Led the Puritans to America w/ the Charter
Theocracy
a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
Roger Williams
A dissenter who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island to the south
Ann Hutchinson
Expelled from the colony for questioning Puritan ministers teachings on pre-destination; preached "free grace"; went to RI
Thomas Hooker
Puritan minister; led settlers out of Massachusetts Bay because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.
William Penn
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania
New Amsterdam
a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island
Pequot War
1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
General court
a Puritan representative assembly elected by the freemen; they assisted the governor; this was the early form of Puritan democracy in the 1600's
Township
A 6-by-6 mile area containing 36 sections each 1 mile square. A division of land in the rectangular survey method of land description.