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21 terms

Memory Basics

Happy flashcards. Memory basics.
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Sensory Memory
Very brief memory storage immediately following initial reception of a stimulus
Short Term Memory
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten
Long Term Memory
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
Encoding
Transfering short term memory to long term memory
Maintenance Rehearsal
Also known as rote rehearsal, is the process of repeating something to encode it for a short time
Elaborative Rehearsal
a memorization method that involves thinking about how new information relates to information already stored in long-term memory
Retrieval
the cognitive operation of accessing information in memory
Explicit Memory
Memories that are consciously retrieved
Implicit Memory
Memory that is retrieved subconsciously or unintentionally
Declarative Memory
Memories consisting of facts and knowledge. Divided into episodic and semantic.
Procedural Memory
Memories of skills and actions--how to ride a bike
Autobiographical Memory
Memories that reflect on personal experiences
Flashbulb Memory
When you "take a picture" of a memory, usually a significant event
Eidetic Memory
also known as "photographic" memory. The ability to remember almost all visual/verbal cues in great detail. Perfect pitch, perfect color, xerox reading, etc.
Interference
When a problem occurs between short term memory and long term memory that impedes encoding. Can be divided into proactive, in which old info. interferes with new, and retroactive, when new gets in way of old
Repression
When something is forgotten "on purpose," to hide trauma/bad feelings
Decay
forgetting something due to time or lack of rehearsal
Amnesia
severe memory loss, often from trauma, sickness, or damage. Divided into infantile, anterograde (Lucy), and retrograde (soap opera)
Dementia
degeneration of brain tissue, usually starts in midbrain. interferes with encoding and recall. most common form is Altzheimer's
Misinformation effect
memories distorted by misleading post-event information
Source confusion
someone recalls information as familiar, but cannot remember source of memory