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Happy flashcards. Memory basics.

Sensory Memory

Very brief memory storage immediately following initial reception of a stimulus

Short Term Memory

activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten

Long Term Memory

the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.


Transfering short term memory to long term memory

Maintenance Rehearsal

Also known as rote rehearsal, is the process of repeating something to encode it for a short time

Elaborative Rehearsal

a memorization method that involves thinking about how new information relates to information already stored in long-term memory


the cognitive operation of accessing information in memory

Explicit Memory

Memories that are consciously retrieved

Implicit Memory

Memory that is retrieved subconsciously or unintentionally

Declarative Memory

Memories consisting of facts and knowledge. Divided into episodic and semantic.

Procedural Memory

Memories of skills and actions--how to ride a bike

Autobiographical Memory

Memories that reflect on personal experiences

Flashbulb Memory

When you "take a picture" of a memory, usually a significant event

Eidetic Memory

also known as "photographic" memory. The ability to remember almost all visual/verbal cues in great detail. Perfect pitch, perfect color, xerox reading, etc.


When a problem occurs between short term memory and long term memory that impedes encoding. Can be divided into proactive, in which old info. interferes with new, and retroactive, when new gets in way of old


When something is forgotten "on purpose," to hide trauma/bad feelings


forgetting something due to time or lack of rehearsal


severe memory loss, often from trauma, sickness, or damage. Divided into infantile, anterograde (Lucy), and retrograde (soap opera)


degeneration of brain tissue, usually starts in midbrain. interferes with encoding and recall. most common form is Altzheimer's

Misinformation effect

memories distorted by misleading post-event information

Source confusion

someone recalls information as familiar, but cannot remember source of memory

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