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Social Studies Chapter 12 Notes
Terms in this set (27)
Why did towns often develop near oasis?
because they could access water and farm there
Do you think life would have been better for nomads or townspeople in early Arabia? Explain your answer
Sedentary lifestyles were safer and more convenient. Nomads led a more adventurous lifestyle
What is a key Islamic belief about God?
There is only one God
According to Islamic belief, how did Muhammad get the ideas that started Islam?
When he received a message from an angel while meditating in a cave
What are some key dates in Muhammad's life?
570 he was born; 610 he hears the Angels voice; 613 he begins spreading his message; 622 he leaves Mecca for medina; 632 he dies
What is the central teaching of the Qur'an?
There is only one God, and Muhammad is the prophet
How does the Qur'an guide Muslims daily life?
By listing the rule God gave for good behavior
What are the Five Pillars Of Islam?
A statement of faith, daily prayer, donation to charity, fasting and hajj.
Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?
Because it reminds them that God is more important then their body; and that other people struggle to get food
What is Islamic law called?
How is Islamic law different from law in the United States?
Islamic law governs religious beliefs and practices. It makes no distinction between religion and daily life. In the U.S there is a separation between religion and daily life, there is also a separation of church and state
What are three teachings from the Qur'an an and three teachings form the Sunnah?
Qur'an- wash before praying, don't eat pork or drink alchohol, free slaves, women have some rights. Sunnah- five pillars of Islam, shouldn't owe people money, obey leaders
Do you think the rules that Muslims made for conquered non-Muslims were fair? Why or why not?
Unfair- because conquered people didn't have the same rights. Fair- because they allowed conquered people to practice their religion
Name three places Islam spread through trade
Africa, India, and Southeast Asia
How did trade help spread Islam?
Because they traveled, Muslim merchants shared their beliefs with other people
Who were the Janissaries?
Christian boys the ottomans captures, converted to Islam, and used as slave troops
How did Sunni and Shia beliefs about caliphs differ?
Sunnis didn't think caliphs had to be related to Muhammad. The Shia though caliphs had to be members of Muhammad's family
Compare and Contrast characteristics of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires
Ottomans- leaders- Mehemed II and Suleyman I; Anatoia (turkey) and Eastern Europe; religious policy-tolerant. Safavids: Leaders- Esma'il and Abbas; Location- Persia; Religious policy- Shia Mughal: Leaders- Babur and Akbur; Location- India; Religious policy- tolerant than strict
Who traveled to India, Africa, China, and Spain and contributed his knowledge to the study of geography?
How did Muslims scholars help preserve learning from the ancient world?
By translating works from the ancient world to Arabic
In your opinion, what was the most important Muslim scientific achievement ? Why?
Better maps, algebra and medical advances
What function do minarets serve in mosques?
To provide a place from which calls to prayer are made
How did Muslim artists create art without showing humans or animals?
By using patterns as well as turning calligraphy into an art form
Achievments the Muslims made.
Math, medicine, and philosophy
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