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a character struggles against some outside force: another character, society as a whole, or some natural force
a struggle that arises because of differing values, customs, or circumstances between groups of people
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
the presentation of material in such a way that the reader is prepared for what is to come later in the work
The main idea or meaning of a text. Often, this is an insight about human life revealed in a literary work
a theme that can be found in different texts, often of the same time period or culture.
Unique combination of ideas, values, and beliefs that influences a writer's outlook on a topic.
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