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21 terms

Early Man Unit 2

Please use this to study for the Early Man Quiz
STUDY
PLAY
Agriculture
the raising of crops and animals for human use
Archaeologist
a person who studies the remains of past cultures
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
civilization
a culture that has developed systems of specialization, religion, learning and government
culture
the way of life of a group of people at a particular times, including their daily habits, beliefs and arts
domesticate
to train plants or animals to be useful to people. To train/tame animals to be useful to people.
glacier
a huge sheet of ice that moves slowly across the land
government
a political system set up to rule and area or group of people
nomads
a small group of people that wander around following herds of animals, they lived in the ice age
primary source
a firsthand account of an event or an artifact created during the period of history being studied. Example: diary, doll
secondary source
a record of the past based on information from primary sources example encyclopedia
specialize
to spend most of one's time doing one kind of job
technology
the use of skills and tools to meet practical human needs
hunter gatherer
someone who hunts animals and gathers plants for food
pre-history
the period of time before writing began
Surplus
having extra supplies. An extra supply of something, such as crops, that is not needed immediately.
Things to remember about the OLD STONE AGE
1. people were Hunter-gatherers 2. Lived during the ice age 3. lived in caves 4. Simple tools were made out of bones and rock
Things to remember about the NEW STONE AGE
1. Civilizations developed during this time 2. animals were used (domesticated) to help with work 3. They planted and harvested crops (agriculture developed)
A reason to be a farmer instead of a hunter-gatherer
You can have a steady supply of food and it is safer to live in towns instead of alone
Specialization can make life easier?
Yes, since people can do different jobs an dstill survive. Time can be had to develope a civilization
Two advantages with surplus food?
1. Extra (surplus) food can be traded for other goods. 2. People can specialize in other jobs then trade for food.