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Introduction to Stuttering
Terms in this set (38)
What is stuttering?
sounds, syllables and words are repeated, stopped or prolonged
Stuttering may be accompanied by:
rapid eye blinks
Fluency includes smooth speech ______ between sounds, syllables and words
Fluency includes rate and appropriate ______
Effort in fluency
Continuity in fluency
Hesitations in fluency
-planned pause for effect
-allow time to formulate idea
What is disfluency?
-disruption of fluency
-normal or non-normal disruptions
What is the difference between a fluency problem and a fluency disorder?
-one crosses over the normal limits of disfluencies
-listener pays attention to how the person is talking instead of what they are saying
What are overt speech characteristics?
observable speech events
What are the 3 parts of stuttering?
Example of sound/syllable reps:
Example of blocks
"(breathing) I dont see it"
Example of prolongations
What are the 4 types of typical disfluencies?
-whole word reps
Example of phrase reps
"i want i want to go"
Example of whole word reps
"i, i don't think so"
Example of interjections
Example of revisions
"you saw, you can see"
________ ________ are physical behaviors that co-occur with stuttering-like disfluences
When do secondary behaviors occur?
immediately before or during stuttering
What are examples of secondary behaviors?
loss of eye contact, facial movements, head and body movements
What physiological changes may occur during stuttering?
-rapid heart rate
-change in breathing pattern
-tightness in chest/throat
______ _______ are how the person feels about themselves and suttering
What are some of the feelings in affective features?
reduced self-esteem, fear of speaking, negative emotions
_______ _______ are how the person thinks about themselves as a PWS and how they think about stuttering
What are some cognitive features?
-negative thoughts = negative feelings
-positive thoughts = positive feelings
______ _______ are how members of society think and feel about people who stutter
What are examples of social dynamics?
-how the public, media and employers view stuttering
-how PWS reacts to other's responses
What is incidence of stuttering?
What is the prevalence of stuttering?
What percent of normally fluent speakers have familial stuttering?
What percent of PWS have familial stuttering?
What is the gender ratio of childhood stuttering?
2 males to 1 female
What is the gender ration of adulthood stuttering?
4 males to 1 female
Incidence and prevalence _______ across the lifespan
What is the reason for the change in incidence and prevalence across the lifespan?
-natural recovery (grow out of it)
-new stuttering onsets are less frequent as age increases
What causes stuttering?
unknown; may be:
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Stuttering in pre-school age children
Assessment of stuttering in pre-school age children
Stuttering: Treatment for Adults
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