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59 terms

ST 210 Chapter 14

Chapter 14: general surgery
The gallbladder is found in the _____ abdominal quadrant.
A. Right upper
The linea alba is found _______.
C. Medially where abdominal aponeuroses join
The long, vertical straplike muscle of the abdominal wall is the ______.
D. Rectus Abdominis
Another name for the alimentary canal is the _____ tract.
A. Digestive
The inner layer of the digestive tract wall is called the ________.
D. Mucosa
Parasympathetic innervation to the stomach is provided by the _____ nerve.
C. Vagus
Which of the following is a function of the omenta?
B. Limit peritoneal infection
Which gland has both exocrine and endocrine functions?
C. Pancreas
What is the largest parenchymal organ in the abdominal cavity?
B. Liver
The outer layer of the digestive tract wall is called the _______.
A. Serosa
The beta cells of the islets of Langerhans are responsible for the production of ______.
C. Insulin
Which organ is the single largest mass of lymphatic tissue in the body?
A. Spleen
The biliary tract terminates at the ______.
B. Sphincter of Oddi
A Kocher-type incision is ______.
D. Oblique
A diaphragmatic hernia is located _______.
C. In the diaphragm
Which type of hernia is located within Hesselbach's triangle?
D. Direct
Nissen fundoplication is the procedure performed to correct a(n) ________.
C. Hiatal hernia
Gastroscopy is accomplished by inserting the gastroscope through the ________.
D. Abdomen
The use of a Penrose drain is often employed during inguinal herniorrhaphy to ______.
B. Retract the spermatic cord
The term dysphagia means difficulty ________.
C. Swallowing
Maloney dilators are used to dilate the ________.
D. Esophagus
A purse-string suture is used _______.
D. To tighten or close an opening
An end ileostomy is created from the ______.
C. Terminal ileum
The term chyme refers to ______.
B. A mixture of partially digested food
Removal of the gallbladder is called ________.
A. Cholecystectomy
The condition of gallstones is called _______.
B. Cholelithiasis
What is the function of a T-tube?
C. Drain bile
In addition to a major general surgical instrumentation set, which of the following will also be needed for a cholecystectomy?
C. CBD exploration instruments
Which reconstructive procedures must be performed following pacreaticoduodenectomy?
C. Pancreaticojejunostomy, hepaticojejunostomy (or choledochojejunostomy) and gastrojejunostomy
Removal of all parathyroid glands leads to _______.
A. Tetany
What position will the patient be placed in to facilitate thyroidectomy?
B. Supine with the neck hyperextended
Tracheotomy is the _______.
B. Creation of an opening into the trachea
Insufflation of the abdomen is achieved with the use of ______.
C. Carbon dioxide
Which of the following describes the anatomic area that will be prepped for a laparotomy?
A. Midchest to midthighs and bilaterally
The surgical connection of two hollow or tubular structures is called a(n) _______.
A. Anastomosis
The primary indication for a splenectomy is ______.
D. Trauma
All are true regarding varicose veins EXCEPT that the ______.
D. Indications for treatment include significant leg edema and immobility
Segmental resection of the breast refers to the removal of ________.
C. The tumor and a reasonable margin of healthy tissue
Mastectomy is the removal of the ______.
A. Entire mammary breast
If breast reconstruction is being performed, two setups may be required immediately following to prevent _______.
D. Seeding
Which hormone increases the calcium levels in the blood?
A. Calcitonin
Complications of thryotoxicosis include _______.
B. Thyroid storm
All are symptoms of hypothroidism EXCEPT _________.
C. Dyspnea
During a thyroidectomy, it is important to preserve the ________.
C. Recurrent laryngeal nerve
Which suture technique is applied when closing the indirect hernia sac?
C. Purse-string
When performing an esophagectomy, which instrumentation should be added to the basic instrument set?
A. Thoracotomy tray
A Billroth I or II refers to a(n) ______.
D. Subtotal gastrectomy
Roux-en-Y technique is most commonly used to repair a(n) _______.
A. Total gastrectomy
Which procedure is used to treat cancer of the rectum?
D. Abdominoperineal resection
Which instrument would NOT be included in the intestinal instrument tray?
D. Kelly retractor
The three portions of the small intestine are the _____.
Duodenum, ileum, and jejunum
The appendix is attached to the ______.
In what position is the patient placed when a mcburney's incision will be used?
What incisional approach is the most common for appendectomy?
Whipple pancreaticoduodenectomy involves the removal of the _______.
Head of the pancreas, distal one-third of the stomach, duodenum, proximal 10 cm of jejunum, gallbladder, cystic and common bile ducts, and peripancreatic and hepatoduodenal lymph nodes
Modified radical mastectomy involves removal of ______.
The breast and axillary lymph nodes
Hemorrhoids are removed with the patient in the _____ position.
The flow of food and liquids from the stomach to the small intestine is controlled by the _____.
Pyloric sphincter
Indications for cholecystectomy include all EXCEPT ______
Acute pancreatitis