31 terms

Important People in Medical History

First public health officer
John Hunter
founder of scientific surgery
Dr. Alfred Blalock
developed a lifesaving operation for "blue babies"
Gabriele Fallopius
named fallopian tube
Rene Laennec
developed the stethoscope
Dr. Viven Thomas
worked closely with Dr. Blalock to do research and constructedinstruments that were used in surgical procedures
Robert koch
developed the culture plate method for isolation of bacteria
Dr.David Ho
conducted research on HIV
Crawford Williamson Long
used ether as an anesthetic agent
Christiaan Barnard
performed the first human heart transplant
Wilhem Roentgen
discovered x-ray
father of Experimental Physiology
Clara Barton
discovered the American Red Cross
Joseph Lister
father of Sterile Surgery
Walter Reed
US Army pathologist and bacteriologist who proved that yellow fever was transmitted by the bite of a mosquito
Louis Pasteur
father of Bacteriology
Jonas Salk/Albert Sabin
discovered the polio vaccine
William Harvey
discovered that the heart as a pump and that blood;s motion is a continuos cycle
Andreas Vesalius
father of Modern Anatomy
Marcello Malpighi
pioneered the use of the microscope
Edward Jenner
developed the smallpox vaccine
Alexander Fleming
discovered penicillin
Florence Nightingale
founder of nursing
Frederick Banting
discovered insulin as a treatment for diabetes
Father of Medicine
Elizabeth Blackwell
first woman to recieve the Doctor of Medicine degree in the US
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
worked with lens grinding and magnification to observe microscopic organisms
Ignaz Semmelweis
Savior of Mothers
Marie Curie
Discovered radium
Paul Ehrlich
discovered the "magic bullet" 606
Horace Wells
used nitrous oxide as an anesthetic agent