Terms in this set (27)
"Roll Call" in German
Arbeit Macht Frei
"Labor makes you free" or "Work will make you free"
- This cynical, deceiving phrase, written on the entry gate of Auschwitz an other camps, was seen by many incoming prisoners.
- The Nazi's largest camp located in Poland.
- Included a concentration camp, death camp, and labor camp.
- Approximately 1.5 million were murdered at Auschwitz. (90-95 percent Jewish)
- The act of holding a group responsible for the actions of its individual members.
- Prison camps established by the Nazi Regime to hold large numbers of political prisoners.
- A building with large ovens and furnaces used to cremate and dispose of bodies after death by gassing, starvation, torture, and disease.
- A camp set up to exterminate inmates quickly and efficiently.
- Forced marchers of Nazi camp prisoners toward the German interior at the end of WW 2.
- Displaced Persons' Camp
- Camps set up after WW 2 as temporary living quarters for ten of thousands of homeless people created by the war.
- Nazi mobile killing squads, set up by the SS to follow the German Army as the conquered land in Eastern Europe, while rounding up and killing Jews.
- The ultimate "solution" to "the Jewish problem"
- The cover name for the plan to destroy the Jews of Europe.
- The program was deceptively disguised as "resettlement in the East"
- Airtight rooms constructed so that poison gas - carbon monozide or Zyklon B - could be used to kill large numbers of people.
- Specially constructed vehicles, both mobile and stationary, designed to kill 25 - 60 people at a time with carbon monoxide exhaust fumes.
- Approximately 700,000 people were killed in gas vans.
- Secret Nazi police
- Power of incarceration without judicial review.
- Most feared entity in Nazi controlled areas.
- A section of the city in which Jews were confined and restricted to live behind walls, fences, or barbed wire.
- A Jewish council set up by the Nazis to run Ghetto communities during WW 2.
- A concentration camp inmate selected by the SS to oversee other inmates.
-Kapos were given better clothing and food than that of other prisoners.
- A prison camp in which inmates are subjected to enforce hard labor.
- Nazi resistance fighters operating in Nazi controlled Eastern Europe.
- The procedure to determine who would live and who would die at death and labor camps.
- Prisoners of death camps who were forced to remove dead bodies in the gas chambers for cremation or burial.
- From the German word sonder, meaning special.
- From the German Schutztaffel, meaning "Protective Squad."
-Began as Hitlers personal guards but grew to become a large and powerful organization responsible for concentration camps.
- Heinrich Himmler
- A camp where inmates are held temporarily before being moved on.
- An 87 minute meaning held on January 20th, 1942 at a villa in a Berlin suburb, attended by 15 leading Nazi Bureaucrats.
- Reinhard Heydrich, it's chairman, discussed plans to coordinate the "Final Solution".
- The largest Jewish Ghetto
- Established in October 1940
- Held more than 400,000 Jews.
- Conditions were so horrendous that in 1941, nearly 45,000 people died due to disease caused by overcrowding and the lack of adequate food and sanitation or brutal forced labor.
- Approximately 250,000 Jews were sent to Treblinka in the summer of 1942.
-Armed uprising occurred the following spring.
- The regular German army.
- Hydrogen cyanide
- A poisonous gas used in the gas chamber at Auschwitz.