42 terms

6th grade vocabulary as given by MSP Item Specification

approximate

form an estimate of (quantities or time)

axis

A feature of a chart, on which you can plot numbers. The horizontal line is called the X-_____, and the vertical line is called the Y-_____.

circumference

the perimeter of a circle

conclusion

a position reached after consideration

construct

put together out of components or parts; to build

cube

a rectangular prism with six congruent faces

diameter

the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference

edge

where faces meet; a line determining the limits of an area

event

something that happens at a given place and time

face

a surface forming part of the outside of an object

slant height

the height of the triangle that forms a lateral face on a pyramid

identify

recognize as being a particular thing

integer

any whole number (positive or negative) or zero

interval

a set containing all points (or all real numbers) between two given endpoints

inverse

opposite in nature or effect or relation to another amount

justify

defend or explain by reasoning

net

A two-dimensional pattern that can be folded to make a three-dimensional figure

order of operations

the order in which operations in an expression to be evaluated are carried out. 1. parentheses 2. exponents 3. multiplication and divison 4. addition and subtraction

percent

a ratio that compares a number to 100.

pi

The value that shows the relationship of a circle's circumference to its diameter; it has an approximate value of 3.14

polyhedron

a three-dimensional figure whose surfaces are polygons

regular polyhedron

A polyhedron in which all faces are the same regular polygon

prism

A solid figure that has two congruent, parallel polygons as its bases. Its sides are parallelograms

experimental probability

Probability based on data from repeating an event

theoretical probability

Probability based on comparing the number of possible favorable outcomes to the number of total possible outcomes

distributive property

a property indicating a special way in which multiplication is applied to addition of two or more numbers in which each term inside a set of parentheses can be multiplied by a factor outside the parentheses, such as a(b + c) = ab + ac

identity property

The sum of 0 and any number is the number. The product of 1 and any number is the number.

proportion

A statement where two fractions/ratios are equal

proportional

Having a constant relationship in degree or number

pyramid

a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides with a common vertex

radius

the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere

rate

the relative speed of progress or change

unit rate

comparison of a quanity to 1

ratio

the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient)

semicircle

a two dimensional figure with the shape of half a circle

solution

the successful action of solving a problem

surface area

the sum of the areas of all the faces of a solid figure

tetrahedron

any polyhedron having four plane faces

three dimensional

having height, width, and depth; has surface area and volume

two dimensional

having height and width; has area, but does not have volume

verify

to establish the truth or accuracy of, confirm

volume

the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object