APUSH American Pageant Chapter 41
Terms in this set (63)
1992 and 1996; Democrat; Don't Ask Don't Tell policy implemented by Congress, Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993; Operation Desert Fox (4 day bombing campaign in Iraq); Scandals: Whitewater controversy, Lewinsky scandal (impeached and acquited), Travelgate controversy, Troopergate; first balanced budget since 1969
George H. W. Bush
Was the 42nd President of the United States, previously Ronald Reagan's vice-president. His policies and ideals derived heavily from his predecessor and were built on them. He was a well-to-do oil tycoon before devoting himself to the public. He served as a congressman, emissary to China, ambassador to the UN, and director of the CIA, before becoming president.
Republican vice-presidential nominee in the 1988 election; ridiculed for factual and linguistic mistakes; George H. Bush's running mate in 1988 and 1992 , who had a hard time spelling "potato"
This billionaire was a third-party candidate in the 1992 presidential election won 19 percent of the popular vote. His strong showing that year demonstrated voter disaffection with the two major parties.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
An Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, she was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993. She is the second female justice (after Sandra Day O'Connor) and the first Jewish female justice.
Motivated by Kennedy's actions, was the secretary of heath and human services (1990's). She had joined the peace corps and it made her a "World Citizen".
First Lady from 1992-2000; maintained a significant career as First Lady; attacked by conservatives and anti-feminists; took leading role in government affairs; promoted equality of sexes.
he became the leader of Yugoslavia in 1987 and then waged a war against both Croatia and Bosnia during the 1990s - this conflict also marked the first direct military action waged by NATO
Representative from Georgia who led the "Contract with America" and eventually became the Speaker of the House; he and Clinton battled many times while he demanded tax cuts and a balancing of the budget
Republican nominee for President who ran and lost against Clinton between Clinton's first and second term
The oldest man ever to run for U.S. president,
this Republican senator was a prisoner of war during the Vietnam War and was the Republican nomination in the 2008 presidential election.
White House intern whose affair with Bill Clinton led to his impeachment
prosecutor against Clinton in the Lewinsky scandal
United States jurist who served as an associate justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1972 until 1986, when he was appointed chief justice .
A leftist American politician who promotes the environment, fair consumerism, and social welfare programs. His book Unsafe at Any Speed brought attention to the lack of safety in American automobiles.
Served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under President Bill Clinton. Ran for President in 2000 and won popular vote but lost Electoral College
This man was the first Jewish American to ever run for Vice President on a major party ticket
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001. Ill prepared for office. Used republican control of congress to pass major tax cuts (by 1 vote both times). Became increasingly conservative.
Bush's Vice President and a Wyoming representative who was attacked numerous times for his considerable power given to him by the President and his policy-making.
Osama bin Laden
(1957-2011 ) Saudi Arabian multimillionaire and leader of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda. He is responsible for numerous terrorist attacks on the United States including the destruction of the World Trade Center. Captured and killed in 2011 by the U.S.
An American military general and leader during the Persian Gulf War. He played a crucial role in planning and attaining America's victory in the Persian Gulf and Panama. He was also the first black four star general and chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff.
As president of Iraq, He maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). During these conflicts, he repressed movements he deemed threatening to the stability of Iraq, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. While he remained a popular hero among many disaffected Arabs everywhere for standing up to the West and for his support for the Palestinians, U.S. leaders continued to view him with deep suspicion following the 1991 Persian Gulf War. He was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
George W. Bush's controversial attorney general who sharply restricted civil liberties and detained or deported immigrants suspected of terrorism.
Secretary of Defense under G. W. Bush, wanted the US to start the War in Iraq, headed the invasion of Afghanistan, coined the terms "War on Terror," and "Weapons of Mass Destruction", resigned on own power in 2006 after being displeased with US strategy in Iraq.
Became the first female Speaker of the House following the 2006 elections
2008-2016 Democrat; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan; repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell
Decorated Vietnam War veteran who lost the 2004 Presidential Election. Later Secretary of State under Barack Obama
Clashes within mainstream society over the values and norms that should be upheld
Weapons of Mass Destruction: nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological or other weapons which have the ability to bring harm to large numbers of people
Originally, this buzz term referred to the spread of economic activities from a home country to other parts of the world, but its reach has profoundly influenced cultural and political realms.
"don't ask, don't tell"
Clinton managed to gain support for a compromise measure under which homosexual servicemen and servicewomen could remain in the military if they did not openly declare their sexual orientation
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
The classification for a U.S. state that predominantly votes for the Republican Party
The classification for a U.S. state that predominantly votes for the Democratic Party
warfare in which opposing groups or nations have unequal military resources, and the weaker opponent uses unconventional weapons and tactics, as terrorism, to exploit the vulnerabilities of the enemy.
"axis of evil"
Created in 2002 by George W. Bush to show the "bad guys" which include: Iran, Iraq, and N. Korea
Ideologically centrist faction within the Democratic Party that emerged after the victory of Republican George H. W. Bush in the 1988 presidential election. They are identified with more pragmatic and centrist social/cultural/pluralist positions and neoliberal fiscal values
Law passed in 1993 requiring a waiting period on sales of handguns, along with a criminal background check on the buyer.
cult led by David Koresh, sieged by federal agents, had illegal firearms, building caught fire and no one survived
Oklahoma City bombing
Bombing of Murrah Federal Building. The blast, set off by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, killed 168 people, including 19 children in the building's day-care center.
Columbine High School
Two high school seniors armed with guns and explosives waged a violent assault on the school. They killed 12 fellow students and one teacher before shooting themselves. Led to a concern about the availability of guns.
Welfare Reform Bill
Legislation that made deep cuts in welfare grants and required able-bodied welfare recipients to find employment. Part of Bill Clinton's campaign platform in 1992, the reforms were widely seen by liberals as an abandonment of key New Deal/Great Society provisions to care for the impoverished.
A minor party founded by Ross Perot in 1995. It focuses on national government reform, fiscal responsibility, and political accountability. It has recently struggled with internal strife and criticism that it lacks an identity.
Contract with America
In the 1994 congressional elections, Congressman Newt Gingrich had Republican candidates sign a document in which they pledged their support for such things as a balanced budget amendment, term limits for members of Congress, and a middle-class tax cut.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Agreement signed on January 1, 1994, that allows the opening of borders between the United States, Mexico, and Canada.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Administers the rules governing trade between its 144 members. Helps producers, importers, and exporters conduct their business and ensure that trade flows smoothly.
increased role of soft money in campaign financing, prohibited national political party committees from raising or spending any funds not subject to federal limits even for state and local races or issues
region of Yugoslavia that had autonomy until Milosovic attempted to crush the Albanian group with ethnic cleansing; 1999 NATO used military strikes against Yugoslavia until the crisis came to an end in 1999
A political controversy that began with the real estate dealings of Bill and Hillary Clinton and their associates in the Whitewater Development Corporation, a failed business venture. David Hale, the source of criminal allegations against Clinton, claimed in November 1993 that Bill, while governer of AK, pressured him to provide an illegal $300,000 loan to Susan McDougal.
September 11, 2001
Terrorist attacks on World Trade Center and pentagon
World Trade Center
Once an icon for the global economy in New York, became a target for terrorism in 1993 and 2001; al Queda was solely responsible for the 9-11 attacks
International treaty to limit greenhouse gas emissions. It was negotiated and opened for signatories in 1997, and took effect in 2005. Although signed by 169 (of 192) countries, the Bush Administration rejected the plan as too costly in 2001.
a network of Islamic terrorist organizations, led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001
A fundamentalist Muslim movement whose militia took control of much of Afghanistan from early 1995, and in 1996 took Kabul and set up a radical Islamic state. The movement was forcibly removed from power by the US and its allies after the September 11, 2001, attacks
USA Patriot Act
law passed due to 9/11 attacks; sought to prevent further terrorist attacks by allowing greater government access to electronic communications and other information; criticized by some as violating civil liberties
Department of Homeland Security
A proposal by President Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 federal employees
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
The second largest sect within Islam. It originated in the early centuries of Islam perhaps over a political dispute over who would be the next Caliph. This group believed that Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin Ali should be the Caliph. Over time this faction's religious interpretations and practices have also come to differ slightly from most Muslims.
One of Saddam's most notorious prisons for dissenters; when Americans took over, it became notorious for a place of torment and humiliation for detainees
Military base in Cuba that interrogates suspected terrorists
In November 2001 Enron, the United States' seventh largest corporation, issued a statement drastically revising its stated profits over the past three years. Within a month, the company was forced to declare bankruptcy—the largest bankruptcy in business history—and numerous charges surfaced that the company had engaged in a repeated pattern of un-ethical and perhaps illegal practices. In addition to shareholder and employee lawsuits, Enron's executives also faced potential criminal charges for their roles in the scandal.
Biggest corporate bankruptcy. Founder/ CEO- Bernie Ebbers. Cooked books by classifying ordinary expenses as capital expenditures. Huge loss dressed up as 1.4 billion profit. Cookie jar accounting- Boosted its revenues by drawing on reserves it had set aside to cover various losses
1999; United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission was used to replace the former United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) and continue with the latter's mandate to disarm Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction, and to operate a system of ongoing monitoring and verification to check Iraq's compliance with its obligations not to reacquire the same weapons prohibited to it by the Security Council