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68 terms

infection control

medical assistant
what is the most important means of preventing the spread of infection
give two examples of bacteria
strep throat and UTI's
types of microorganisms are
viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and rickettsiae
the process of killing all microorganisms
you always ___ before entering a room if the door is closed
the order when leaving isolation when you undress
gowns, gloves, masks, and eye wear
practices to achieve medical asepsis
principle of medical asepsis
what kind of enviroment do microorganism grow best in
nutrients, darkness, moisture, temperature and oxygen
the most prevalent type of nosocomial infections
UTI's and pneumonia
nosocomial infections
infections acquired in health care facilities
face masks are effective for (how long)
30 minutes
when washing your hands, they should be held
at a 45 degree angle below the elbows
the faucet is turned off with
a paper towel
drugs used to destroy or kill bacteria that cause disease
small infants can become anemic if too much blood is taken in a period of
24 hours
infected pressure sore on the skin
pressure ulcers, decubitus ulcers
an infected person without symptoms
chemicals that inhibit the growth of or kill other microorganisms
AIDS is caused by
HIV; blood and bloodborne pathogens
what are some of the symptoms of a cardiac arrest in a patient
loss of speech, pain on the left side of body
complication often seen in AIDS in patient
cold, low or nonexistent immune system; fevers that cant be fought off
AIDS can be transmitted by direct contact with infected
carriers; blood and bloodborne pathogens
the initials AIDS stand for
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
what is medical etiquette
manners in the medical field
what are some of the symptoms of a patient with and infection
coughing, sob, fever, nasal congestion
you should wash your hands for approximately (how long)
1 minute
when you wash your hands you should stand (how from the sink)
far enough that your shirt is not touching the sink
when using boiling water to disinfect an item how long should you boil the item
15 minutes
microoganism needs what to live and grow
darkeness, moisture, nutrients, temperatures, oyxgen
what should you do before entering an isolation room
check the door for directions on ppe
when entering isolation room always (do what)
leave the chart outside
good isolation procedure includes what
to prevent the spread of an infectious agent from an infected or colonized patient to susceptible persons.
centers for disease control and prevention
college of americal pathologist
national institute for occupational safety and health
national committee for clinical laboratory standards
joint commission on accreditation of healthcare organizations
occupational safety and health administration
personal protective equipment
hepatitis b virus
hepatitis c virus
bloodborne pathogens
infected blood that fly in the air
engineering controls
an osha term for devices that e.g. sharp disposal; intended to isolate or remove bloodborne pathogens from the workplace
urban basic services for the poor
to destroy microorganisms
anything that can stick a person
latex allergy
hypersensitivity to products containing latex
any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates the production of antibodies
exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction that in severe cases leads to vascular collapse, bronchospasm
an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease
agents that destroy pathogenic organisms.
disease causing agents
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose
free from germs
specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
a thick walled cell formed within bacteria; capable of releasing a toxin
(of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
to choke; asphyxiation, stopping or respiration
life sustaining gases for living things
the procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms (usually by heat or chemical means)
decubitus ulcers
bed sores; pressure sores
an infection that is not harmful
condition in which aerobes thriving in
infection that thrive in or on air
medical asepsis
practices used to remove or destroy pathogens and to prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place; clean technique
flow meter (regulator) is for administering
boiling water to disinfect how long should you boil the water
5 minutes
how long should you wash your hands
1 minute minimum